What are the benefits of dark matter
Around eighty percent of the matter in the universe consists of a substance that no one has seen before - dark matter. Overall, it should make up almost 27 percent of the energy density in space, while dthe baryonic matter of which everything known to us consists, contributes only five percent. Scientists use various methods to find out what is behind dark matter.
Matter and energy distribution in the universe
The first indications of the existence of dark matter came back in the 1930s when the Swiss astronomer Fritz Zwicky investigated the movements of galaxies in the Coma galaxy cluster. These were far too fast for the visible matter - stars, gas and dust - to hold them in the galaxy cluster with its gravity. This phenomenon could only be explained by the assumption that there are vast amounts of invisible mass that provides additional cohesion among the celestial bodies. But what exactly does this matter consist of, which apparently only shows itself through its gravitational interaction with conventional matter and otherwise eludes observation?
So-called MACHOs (massive astrophysical compact halo objects, translated: massive, astrophysical, compact halo objects), which include brown dwarfs and black holes, for example, are not the only possible explanations. It must actually be a completely new form of matter. Theoretical physicists have already proposed a number of hypothetical particles that dark matter could be composed of. For example, the lightest supersymmetrical particle, the neutralino, has many suitable properties. The Neutralino is a possible candidate for the so-called WIMPs (weakly interacting massive particles, translated: weakly interacting massive particles), which many experimental physicists are now looking for. They are pursuing three different approaches.
Experiments in the air or in space
It is believed that when two WIMPs meet, they annihilate each other and release energy in the form of a photon. In order to detect these photons or their secondary products such as electrons and positrons, one goes to great heights. Because in the lower layers of the atmosphere the particles react with air molecules, are simply absorbed or trigger particle showers so that they are lost for the measurement.
In order to demonstrate the interaction of a WIMP with an ordinary particle of matter in a detector, it must be shielded from cosmic radiation and other sources of interference as well as possible. Corresponding laboratories are therefore usually built in former mines or under a mountain. Since the interactions we are looking for occur extremely rarely, the researchers also need a lot of detector material and long measurement times.
In large accelerator facilities, attempts are made to artificially generate dark matter. This requires very high energies. In addition, you need sophisticated algorithms to filter out processes in which WIMPs can arise from the many events that occur during a particle collision. A typical indication would be a lack of energy, for example, as the WIMPs are invisible to the detector when they leave the detector, but at the same time carry a lot of kinetic energy with them.
- What is a canonical problem in SEO
- Is anyone from the Titanic still alive?
- What is a cellophane paper
- How do the human kidneys save water
- What are some etiquette rules in China
- Is it legal to sell old coins in India?
- Networking Marketing Is A Career
- How happy are immigrants in Australia
- What is meant by digital marketing
- The world economy is slowing down
- How did Rene Descartes make money
- How much is an old nickel worth
- Did Donald Trump serve in the army
- What are calculus derivatives
- Where can I see your answers
- Why are customers particularly rude when on vacation
- What is the reason why you visit Indonesia
- How do you visualize the time
- What is the easiest recording software
- How can I keep my room clean?
- How do I merge 2 Pinterest accounts
- How can vitamins be toxic?
- What does the TISS interview look like
- What is perfect health
- We know everything about something in particular
- How is life 3
- Overweight people can suffer from eating disorders
- What weighs half a gram
- What is the best thing to do to learn something
- What is regional dialect
- Holding a secret business
- What is the use of live broadcast apps
- What happens when CPS opens a case
- What is Nigeria buying in Ghana