Can I emigrate from India to Turkey?
The way to Germany begins at home
Internet portals, advice, language courses - if you are thinking of migrating to Germany, you can fall back on offers for pre-integration in your country of origin.
By Janna Degener-Storr
Some are hoping for professional prospects in this country. Others want to move to Germany because their partner or other relatives live here. And yet others are just looking for a safe place to arrive as refugees. Regardless of the reasons behind them - people who want to emigrate to Germany usually start in their home countries to clarify the most important questions about the migration process. What requirements do I have to meet in order to get a visa and a work permit? How do I find an apartment and a job? How can I prepare linguistically for life in Germany? Who can I contact if I need help on site?
When looking for answers, they can fall back on pre-integrative information and advice. “In the pre-integration phase, people have already decided to migrate, but they have not yet left their home countries. So it's about preparing them for life in Germany, ”explains Iris Escherle from the Integration Projects Department of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. Since spouses who join the family since September 2007 have had to demonstrate knowledge of German in order to apply for a visa, due to a new legal regulation, the focus of pre-integration projects was initially on advising married migrants. Due to the current shortage of skilled workers, the offers now also focus on people who come to Germany for professional reasons.
Informative and serious: online information portalsInformation portals on the Internet are an important component of pre-integration. In addition to the Federal Foreign Office, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, for example, provides answers to questions about residence law on its website.
- On Make it in Germany, professionals can find information on job hunting and everyday life in Germany, among other things.
- The Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training provides information on the Recognition in Germany portal about the recognition of foreign professional qualifications.
- The German Academic Exchange Service is primarily aimed at students with its website and the Study in Germany portal.
- With the Internet portal Mein Weg nach Deutschland, the Goethe-Institut offers, among other things, the opportunity to improve and consolidate linguistic and regional knowledge.
- Deutsche Welle provides German courses and the video series Open your heart for refugees and helpers on its website.
- The Diakonie has put together the various paths of legal migration and the most important advice for a successful arrival in Germany on its portal.
- The youth migration service provides online advice for young people on its portal jmd4you in cooperation with the Goethe-Institut, in addition to providing information, not only in German, but also in Turkish and Russian.
Personal advice and training
In addition to such web-based offers, people in some countries can also take advantage of personal advice and training courses that prepare them for life in Germany. In its pre-integration work, the International Organization for Migration has the target group of refugees in mind: under the heading of resettlement, it supports refugees who will not be able to return to their country of origin in the foreseeable future, but are still in third countries where they will not be integrated so that they should be prepared for permanent residence in Germany. And as part of its Family Assistance Program, the IOM offers pre-integration courses and an integration manual for Syrian and Iraqi refugees who would like to apply for family reunification in Germany or who have already made it.On behalf of the BMZ, the Society for International Cooperation, in cooperation with the respective national employment services in Senegal, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Albania, Serbia, Tunisia and Morocco, operates migration advice centers for people who want to train in their countries of origin or in Germany. and look for job opportunities. The Goethe-Institut has been holding information events and seminars in Southeast Asia, Turkey and other countries in Southeast Europe since 2008, initially funded by the European Integration Fund (EIF) and since 2014 by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). The current project, which runs until June 2020, also focuses on the further qualification of teachers and advisors. In addition, the Goethe-Institut is conducting a study on the global pre-integration of female professional migrants.
The Diakonie (leading the Diakonie Baden), the Federal Association of Protestant Youth Social Work and the Alevi Congregation Germany e.V. have received EU grants for corresponding projects. The Diakonie has been supporting the project since 2009 Arrive prepared and successful in Germany 31,200 people in more extensive advisory processes in Turkey, Kosovo, Bosnia-Herzegovina and recently also in Russia. In close cooperation with the Goethe Institutes, language schools and other local actors as well as the migration advice centers of the welfare associations in Germany, people are prepared in group counseling and individual counseling processes so that both professional and social integration in Germany succeeds as well as possible. "For this it is important to set the right course at the beginning, to develop realistic ideas and plans and to accompany and support the people", emphasizes Jürgen Blechinger, project manager of the Diakonie in Baden. The Alevi community has carried out around 11,000 consultations in a similar project in Turkey since the project began in December 2009.
It turns out again and again that many people have a wrong idea of life in Germany because they only get their knowledge from conversations with relatives and there are also many rumors. It is therefore particularly important to convey in the consultations how important the acquisition of the German language is for integration in Germany.
How does the entry work and what comes next?The aim of the free pre-integration measures is therefore to support immigrants with bureaucratic steps and to convey realistic ideas about life in Germany. “If we pick up the immigrants at home and prepare them, we ensure that they make themselves understood from the start in Germany and that they can take advantage of support offers. So we take people who have made a conscious decision to enter the integration chain right from the start. This knowledge can then be built on in the standard offers such as the integration courses that the immigrants attend after their arrival in Germany, ”says Iris Escherle. The first study results show that this is well received by the target group: The Goethe-Institut's pre-integration project in the Southeast Asia region alone, which expired at the end of 2017, reached around 7,500 people with its face-to-face offers and around 700,000 users with its virtual offers. 97 percent of them stated in a quantitative survey that they felt very well or well prepared for Germany before leaving. Training courses, for example, are popular with immigrants because they encourage personal contact with German culture and get to know one another. But the target group also appreciates the virtual offers that can be used more flexibly.
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