Who was the last Roman emperor
Roman Empire from Augustus to Otto the Great
- The first emperor - the new emperor - the last emperor: The Roman Empire from Augustus to Otto the Great (in connection with the exhibition "Otto the Great and the Roman Empire")
- Event type:
- Face-to-face event
- BA KuWi: Module G4; Module G5; BA KuWioF: Module 11A; Module 12A; MA EuMo: Module 1E; Module 2E; Module 4G; Module 5G;
Magister; other interested parties on request
- Leipzig, Magdeburg
- Leipzig regional center
Seminar room 4
- 04.10.2012 to
- Thursday, October 4th, 2012, 2:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. (Leipzig)
Friday, October 5th, 2012, 9:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. (Leipzig)
Saturday, October 6th, 2012, approx. 2 p.m. (Magdeburg)
- Prof. Dr. Felicitas Schmieder
- Registration deadline:
- until August 31, 2012
- booked up!
- Information provided:
- Email: Irmgard Hartenstein, phone: +49 2331 987 - 4752
Email: Prof. Dr. Felicitas Schmieder, phone: +49 2331 987 - 2120
Email: Daniel Syrbe, phone: +49 2331 987-2111
In January of the year 27 BC In a solemn ceremony in Rome, Caius Octavianus returned the extraordinary powers granted to him by the Roman Senate (for the fight against Marcus Antonius, who resided in the style of a Hellenistic king in Alexandria) and declared that the old Roman Republic had now been restored . But the Senate “asked” Octavius to continue protecting the Roman state, gave him the supreme command of all provinces in which large military contingents were stationed, and gave Octavius the honorary name “Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus”. Even if Augustus (“the exalted”) actually based his power on the control of the military, he tried to clothe his now undisputed sole rule in republican garb as well as possible. Nevertheless, something unmistakably new had arisen: Augustus became (at least in retrospect from almost a millennium away) the first emperor of Rome.
A good 500 years later, Romulus, a boy of around 16, who was derided as "Augustulus" ("Little Emperor") because of his youth and who resided in Ravenna as ruler of the gradually crumbling west of the Roman Empire, became Odoacer , the leader of a mixed lot of soldiers, deposed. But that was in no way the end of the Roman Empire, because at that time there was still a powerful Roman emperor, only he resided in Constantinople, increasingly focused his political attention on the east of the Mediterranean and spoke at least since the 7th century Greek as Latin.
But the West should also get an emperor again. The new emperor, the renewer of the Roman Empire, Charlemagne, therefore also had Augustus in his title when he revived the Western Roman empire against the feminine empire in Eastern Byzantium on Christmas Day 800 - Augustus was also called Otto the Great when he was around 962 renewed the empire - Augustus called himself every emperor of the Middle Ages, "semper Augustus" since Barbarossa in the 12th century, which was later translated as "always more of the empire" (where Augustus is from the Latin augere, to increase , derived). Increasing the empire was an imperial task, the fulfillment of which Augustus had already claimed for himself - just as he was proud to have brought peace. A time of peace that (according to the medieval heirs) he had brought up as an instrument of God so that Christ could be born - who had been heralded by the greatest of the Augustan poets with the words of the Cumaean Sybille, although this poet, Virgil, was a pagan (and Virgil with the boy who was born to bring peace to the world, whom the emperor himself had meant).
Prophetic significance always accompanied the emperor. Contemporaries agreed that the Roman Empire was the last of the four world empires that the prophet Daniel had prophesied in the Old Testament period. Since the 7th century a prophecy spread in Christianity that eventually established the last emperor of the Romans as an important good actor of the end times before the Last Judgment. Just around the ominous year 1000, these images were received intensively by the new emperors and in their environment.
Recommended literature for introduction:
- Classen, Peter, Charlemagne, the papacy and Byzantium: The establishment of the Carolingian empire, Sigmaringen 21988
- Kienast, Dietmar, Augustus: Prinzeps und Monarch, Darmstadt 1982, 4th (bibliogr. Updated and supplemented by a foreword) edition Darmstadt 2009
- Möhring, Hannes, the world emperor of the end times. Origin, change and effect of a millennial prophecy, Stuttgart 2000
And take a look here: http://www.otto2012.de/
Registration deadline August 31, 2012 (only then final confirmation!)
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