Unsolved puzzles are miracles

Unsolved mysteries of mankind

archeology
  • By Michael Eichhammer
  • Knowledge
  • 10.03.2021

Some archaeological finds from human history remain mysterious to this day, as they shake the worldview. From planes for pharaohs to pyramids in France - these are the most spectacular discoveries.

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Do we need to rewrite history?

Archaeological anomalies that scientists stumble upon are what experts refer to as OOP Arts. The abbreviation stands for “Out Of Place Artifacts”, ie objects that are found in a place where, according to the generally applicable logic, they should not be at all. For example, because historians up to now have assumed that the material used or the sophisticated techniques were actually not yet known at this location and at the assumed time of origin of the find. Skeptics like to believe in fakes. The author Reinhard Habeck, however, is convinced: Such relics can also be evidence that we have to correct our view of history in some details.

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On the hunt for explanations

Archaeologists and historians strive to clear up the mysteries of the past. But there are still finds that raise questions rather than provide answers to the past. Reinhard Habeck is fascinated by these border areas of knowledge. Born in Vienna, he quit his job as a surveyor and traveled the world in search of the unexplained discoveries in history. He summarizes the results of his research in the book "Unsolved Riddles of Mankind". Habeck calls such artifacts "disruptive factors, which really shake the familiar worldview."

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The plane of the pharaohs

Bird or plane? At first glance, this find from the step pyramid of the Egyptian king Djoser is clearly reminiscent of a bird. The grave gift is around 250 BC. And was known as the "dove of Saqqara" in honor of the place where it was found. The Egyptian antiquarian Prof. Dr. However, Khalil Messiha was puzzled and examined the object more closely together with his brother. Both noticed that the shape, dimensions and weight were remarkably precise and reminiscent of an aircraft. Your belief: It is an aerodynamic glider model. The replicas made according to this template turned out to be amazingly airworthy. At least a dozen such gliders are said to be slumbering in the depot of the Egyptian National Museum in Cairo - but these are not open to the public.

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A 5,000 year old propeller?

Another archaic object was found in another burial chamber not far from the pyramid of Saqqara. Reinhard Habeck describes it as "one of the strangest objects that has ever been brought to light." The discoverers suspected the fragments of a bowl-like vessel. The British Egyptologist Walter Bryan Emery took the trouble to put these puzzle pieces back together - and was amazed at the technical-looking round bowl that emerged. Was he looking at a 5,000 year old steering wheel, a propeller, or a ship's propeller? Was the perfect symmetry of the three wings inside not just an aesthetic, but possibly a functional element? Some believe it is the rod attachment for a scepter, others suspect astonishingly modern high-tech like a flywheel behind it - which, according to the current state of science, was impossible thousands of years ago. The strange object can be seen today in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

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Pyramids in France?

Pyramids are usually associated with Egypt. Who thinks of France when you do this? In fact, there is a hidden pyramid ruin near Nice. The listed pyramid of Falicon was built from ashlar and is located like a cap over underground cavities. Allegedly there was a symbol similar to the swastika above the entrance until 1921. Other sources report an ancient inscription that has disappeared without a trace since 1901. It remains unclear who the architects of the French pyramid were.

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A sign from God?

As is well known, belief moves mountains. For some, footprints left in the stone are a sign of botched construction. Others, however, believe that there are mystical forces that soften the ground for setting sacred signs. There are godly conspiracy theorists who claim that the footprints still visible in the church of Santa Maria on the Via Appia Antica in Rome are from Jesus. Some claim the same of the footprint in the Chapel of the Assumption on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. The Prophet Mohammed is also said to have left visible footprints for posterity - these are kept in the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul.

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A round thing

"Curious stone puzzles are known from all regions of the world", knows the author Reinhard Habeck. Round stone cults from ancient times are particularly mysterious. Because with them the question arises as to what technology people were able to use to form spheres back then. As with the celestial globe from Matelica (picture). The almost 30 centimeter large sphere was discovered during renovation work in a central Italian palazzo. It has geometric incisions, concentric circular engravings, 13 holes and ancient Greek inscriptions. An investigation by the “National Institute for Astrophysics in Rome” found that it was not purely artistic design. Rather, they are exact markings for determining the equator, meridians, ecliptic, equinox, solstice and other astronomical values. Confusing about it: The ball, which originally came from Turkey, was possibly already 200 BC. Made, but no more than 200 AD.

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Human mole burrows?

Strange loopholes, Stone Age "high-tech" tunnels and medieval secret passages are also some of the remaining ambiguities in archaeological finds. One of these phenomena is called an earth stable. They are said to have originated in the Middle Ages, have conspicuously pointed or round vaulted ceilings and are usually only 60 centimeters wide and 1.40 meters high. Their corridors are mostly winding, branched and stretching over several floors. Some of these mini tunnels lead into larger chambers. There are earth stalls in many European countries, but the tunnel system in the Austrian Großkrut is the largest in Central Europe with a length of 270 meters. And the practical use of the tunnel systems? This remains unknown. The fact that the entrance and exit were the same speaks against the obvious theory of an escape route. In the event of persecution, an earth stable would have become a trap for its builders.

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Didn't dinosaurs and humans live at the same time?

Why is the legendary figure of the dragon known all over the world? A spectacular explanation: humans and dinosaurs lived in coexistence for a while. Although this contradicts the current research canon, it would explain why dragons are anchored in the collective subconscious to this day - namely as memories of our ancestors of the imposing prehistoric giants stored in our DNA. It is still unclear, for example, whether the prints from Glen Rose in Texas documented in the 1960s actually show human footprints next to a dinosaur track in the same geological layer or whether it is a measurement error or even a fake. What is certain, however, is that there are countless works of art from all eras depicting primeval giant lizards in interaction with humans. The mosaic segments in the Museo Nazionale Prenestino in Rome are particularly impressive (picture): embedded in the detailed Nile landscape, you can see dark-skinned men fighting against a creature that looks like a dinosaur.

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Did primitive men have a pistol?

There are many archaeological finds that suggest that people of bygone eras had more knowledge and more modern skills than mainstream science currently believes they are. An object in the Natural History Museum in London could be a possible proof of this: The skull of a prehistoric man between 130,000 and 300,000 years old is kept there. On the left side it has a hole that looks like a gunshot wound, where the projectile emerged from the head at another point. Forensic experts confirm that the injury could not have been caused by a spear or arrow that was contemporary at the time. So did high-speed projectiles exist back then?

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The sky is flat

A mysterious find can also be found in Germany. In the State Museum for Prehistory of Saxony-Anhalt in Halle, a two kilogram bronze disc with a diameter of 32 centimeters is on display. The disc was buried about 3,600 years ago, the researchers say, but was in use in previous centuries and may be 4,100 years old. The specialty lies in the detailed astronomical representations: The sun (in another reading the full moon), a crescent moon and 32 golden stars are shown. To this day it is not clear whether the Nebra Sky Disc is an astronomical calendar, a direction finding device, a star map or an unknown universal instrument. Until now it was assumed that the astronomical knowledge noted on the disk was only known to the Babylonians and Greeks.

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A 2,000 year old computer?

Computers are considered an achievement of the 20th century. But an original computer was already in use more than 2,000 years ago - at least that's what Reinhard Habeck believes. A chance find serves as evidence. Off the Greek island of Antikythera, sponge divers discovered what Habeck calls a "machine" in a wreck. At first, nobody noticed the peculiarity of the find, as it looked like a collection of inconspicuous rusty lumps. For years the heavily corroded fragments were spurned in the archives of the National Archaeological Museum in Athens. When the director came across the object, he became curious. A complex set of metal gears was shown to be free of algae and rust. A cogwheel from ancient times? This was previously considered unthinkable. The handy high-tech equipment was equipped with, among other things, a double-scaled ring scale and a complicated differential gear - things that were actually only registered for patent in 1828. Experts are convinced that the machine could, among other things, display the position of the sun and moon in the sky, display moon phases, calculate turning points of the planets and accurately predict solar and lunar eclipses. However, the ship this treasure was in was around 70 BC. Declined. Such masterpieces in precision mechanics were only known from the 13th century.

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What did the forefathers really know?

You can marvel at this strange exhibit in the new museum in Berlin. This 75 centimeter high tower is at least 3,000 years old. It is believed that it is a ceremonial hat that was probably used by Celtic priests as headgear or as a cult object for ceremonies. For a long time it was assumed that the symmetrical and geometric patterns on it were merely ornaments that represented fashion tastes thousands of years ago. But it actually reflects the astonishingly well-founded astronomical knowledge of our forefathers. This supposedly also includes knowledge that was only known to date in the year 432 BC. Had trusted the Greeks.

The supposed certainties about our past are still patchy. Sometimes we even have to question our worldview. That is the amazing insight from the richly illustrated book "Unsolved Riddles" by Reinhard Habeck. Gathered in it: “Miracles that shouldn't exist” - at least if one is oriented towards the scientific mainstream. Were our ancestors much more advanced than we always thought? Reinhard Habeck pursues this question on over 200 pages.

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archeology
  • By Michael Eichhammer
  • Knowledge
  • 10.03.2021

Some archaeological finds from human history remain mysterious to this day, as they shake the worldview. From planes for pharaohs to pyramids in France - these are the most spectacular discoveries.