What are the 10 life skills

Life skills and health literacy

What is meant by “life skills”?

The promotion of life skills is considered a successful approach in resource-oriented health promotion and prevention. Life skills include psychosocial abilities and skills that allow the person to deal with the challenges and pressures of everyday life on their own.[8]

The World Health Organization (WHO) defined it in 1994[4,15] ten central life skills, which are largely in line with the general skills in curriculum 21:

  1. Self-awareness
  2. empathy
  3. Creative thinking
  4. Critical thinking
  5. Decision-making ability
  6. Problem solving skills
  7. Effective communication skills
  8. Interpersonal relationship skills
  9. Coping with emotions
  10. coping with stress

However, there is no general consensus on the exact number or categorization of key life skills, as these can vary depending on the health topic, culture and setting.[10,13,16]

additional Information

What is meant by health literacy?

The topic of health literacy has received a lot of attention in recent years. Numerous research results suggest that health literacy has a major influence on health, well-being and the improvement of health equality.

The European Health Literacy Consortium defines health literacy as follows:[9,12]

Health literacy is linked to education and encompasses the knowledge, motivation and competencies of people in relation to finding, understanding, assessing and applying relevant health information in various forms for everyday use in the areas of disease management, disease prevention and health literacy Health promotion being able to make judgments and decisions that maintain or improve the quality of life throughout life (Kickbusch et al. 2016, p. 6).

In a European comparison, the Swiss population has problematic to adequate health literacy. In Switzerland, for example, many people find it difficult to assess and understand information on the subject of vaccinations. By promoting health literacy in schools, students can be encouraged to change behavior that is hazardous to their health.[2]

What is the interplay between life skills and health skills?

Various relationships can be found between the two concepts, but the interaction has not been conclusively clarified. In order for «health literacy» to improve, you need not only basic health-related knowledge (e.g. understanding of basic terms in biology; reading skills in order to understand the package inserts for medication), but also expanded skills on the perceptual-emotional level (e.g. active assumption of responsibility, self-awareness) and skills on the action-related level (e.g. independent and critical handling of the multitude of information on the subject of health).[11]

School health promotion and prevention make a contribution to improving health literacy