Did God create the big bang

Did God use the big bang to create the universe?

Before the twentieth century, before the Big Bang theory was developed, philosophers and scientists debated whether the universe had a beginning. Some have argued that it has always existed: that it is "infinitely old". This coincided with the worldview of the ancient philosophers and the atheism of the time. On the other hand, there were logical reasons for assuming that the universe could not be “infinitely old”, such as causality. For most of history, there was no empirical evidence that the universe had an objective "beginning". Atheism particularly clung to the idea of ​​an "infinitely old" universe in order to dismiss God as unnecessary.

This situation changed drastically in the first half of the twentieth century when several discoveries were made that gave rise to the Big Bang theory. For several decades, those who favored the idea of ​​an eternal universe have made many attempts to dispute away solid evidence, but to no avail. The result was a secular science that greatly supports the Bible's creation account.

Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, published in 1916, suggested that the universe must either be constantly expanding or constantly contracting. So Einstein added a "cosmological constant" to his equations, for no other reason than to maintain the possibility of a static, eternal universe. Einstein later called this the "biggest mistake" of his career.

Edwin Hubble's work in the 1920s proved that the universe was expanding. This finding contradicted Einstein's cosmological constant and left unbelieving astrophysicists unhappy. Their discomfort was compounded by the contributions of Georges Lemaître, a Roman Catholic priest and astronomer. Lemaître noted that the combination of general relativity and Hubble's discoveries is a start. If the universe is currently expanding, then at some point in the past the entire universe would have been contained in an infinitely small point. This idea is the basis for the big bang theory.

For the next several decades, physicists sought to save the eternity of the universe by proposing everything from the Milne model (1935) to the stationary state theory (1948). In many (if not most) cases, these models were explicitly suggested because the effects of a non-eternal universe were "too religious".

1964 saw the Nobel Prize-winning discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation - something predicted by the earliest Big Bang theorists in the 1940s. Basically, this discovery made the "beginning" of the universe an inescapable fact of modern science. The question was no longer: "Did the universe have a beginning", but rather "How did the universe begin?"

The evidence for the Big Bang, however interpreted it is, is an amazing example of the intersection of science and theology. According to objective, empirical science, space, time and energy were created together in a single moment: a "beginning". There was no time before the Big Bang. There was no room. Then suddenly a very dense, incredibly hot, infinitely small ball of something - everything - for some unknown reason appeared somewhere and began to expand rapidly, with our entire universe within it. If the big bang theory is true, then it effectively confirms the view that Judaeo-Christianity has held for thousands of years.

The astrophysicist Dr. Robert Jastrow has it in his book God and the Astronomers (New York: W.W. Norton, 1978, p. 116) put it this way: “For the scientist who has lived by believing in the power of reason, the story ends like a bad dream. He has climbed the mountains of ignorance; he is about to storm the highest peak; as he pulls himself over the last rock, he is greeted by a group of theologians who have been sitting there for centuries. "

Why? Because, as Jastrow explained in a later interview: “The astronomers are now finding that they have cornered themselves because they have proven with their own methods that the world began abruptly in an act of creation, to which one the seeds every star, every planet, every living being in this cosmos and on earth. . . . That what I or anyone else would call supernatural forces is at work is now, I believe, a scientifically proven fact ”(“ A scientist caught between two faiths: Interview with Robert Jastrow ”, Christianity Today [Christianity today], August 6, 1982, pp. 15, 18, interview title freely translated).

It is important to note that prior to these discoveries, disbelief in God was closely linked to the idea of ​​an eternal, uncaused and uncreated universe. Later, however, nonbelievers began to claim that these advances in science were actually God refute would. Whatever had been taken as clear support for a Creator - and whatever was resisted for precisely that reason - turned almost overnight into the claim that the atheists were right all along.

Unfortunately, this attitude prompted a corresponding reaction from the creationist community. Just as many astrophysicists thought the expanding universe theory was a ploy to instill religion into science, many Christians feel that the Big Bang is an attempt to undermine the biblical account of creation. However, other Christians believe that the Big Bang agrees with the Bible's account and welcome such compelling evidence of the creation of the universe.

Still, it's important to understand that the Big Bang Theory is just that - a theory. The exact nature or cause of this “beginning” has not been explicitly proven by empirical science and neither can it be.

If Christians are to object to the Big Bang theory, then only in the atheistic assumptions that often go hand in hand with it. The very idea - that the universe arose in an instantaneous expansion from an infinitely small point - is compatible with an orthodox view of creation. Scripture only says that God created (Genesis 1: 1); she doesn't say how. The fact that non-believers were so religiously opposed to the Big Bang theory shows how strongly it supports the Genesis account.


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Did God use the Big Bang to create the universe?
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