What is posture deviation

Bad posture

1 definition

Under one Bad posture one understands a deviation of the posture from the physiological norm. The term can refer to a joint or to a part of the body (e.g. back) with multiple joints.

2 nomenclature

The terms "incorrect posture" and "incorrect position" are not clearly delimited from one another and are therefore often used synonymously in everyday medical language. A demarcation is often made as follows: Poor posture describes a functional, reversible state, malposition a fixed, irreversible state.

3 background

The posture or body statics results from the interaction of gravity with the musculoskeletal system. It is largely controlled by unconscious muscle activity and to a lesser extent by voluntary muscle movements. Posture can be influenced by organic diseases, but also by emotions. The analysis of the body statics is the task of orthopedics, ergonomics and physiotherapy.

4 classification

Bad posture can be classified according to several aspects. One differentiates:

  • Congenital or acquired bad posture
  • Poor posture that can or cannot be compensated for. In the latter case one speaks of one fixed Bad posture.

5 diagnostics

The diagnosis of incorrect posture is primarily based on clinical examination, whereby the body is examined from different perspectives and in different positions. Particular attention is paid to the shape of the spine, the position of the pelvis and the knee and ankle joints. In addition, the leg lengths are measured.

6 treatment

The treatment depends on the type and severity of the poor posture. Physiotherapy is an important treatment approach. Targeted physiotherapy can correct muscular imbalances and improve statics.

Fixed misalignments that cannot be compensated for are corrected if necessary with orthoses or surgically with the help of an adjustment osteotomy.