What food causes and prevents stomach ulcers

Gastritis and peptic ulcer

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Under the term gastritis one understands an inflammation of the stomach lining. A distinction is made between acute and chronic gastritis. The result can be a stomach ulcer.

What is it and how does it come about?

The acute form is triggered, for example, by spoiled food, by taking medication or alcohol. Symptoms such as upper abdominal pain, nausea and loss of appetite occur. Chronic gastritis results in inflammatory changes in the surface of the mucous membrane, which eventually affect the entire gastric mucosa. Chronic gastritis can be triggered by persistent malnutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, medication, substance abuse, smoking, and stress. In 90 percent of cases, the reason for the chronic form is the bacterium Helicobakter pylori, which can settle in the gastric mucosa. Infection with this germ leads to acute gastritis within a few days, which then usually turns into chronic gastritis, usually without typical symptoms. If left untreated, such an infection is likely to persist for life; once successfully treated, the bacterium rarely returns. Infection with this bacterium increases the risk of stomach cancer. So far, however, it is not entirely clear how humans are infected with Helicobakter pylori. Helicobakter pylori also plays a role in the development of gastric ulcers in addition to familial predisposition, certain medications, emotional stress, poor diet, alcohol and cigarettes. In order for a gastric ulcer to form, there must be too many substances that are damaging to the mucous membrane in the stomach.
Furthermore, gastritis is divided into types A, B and C. Type A is an autoimmune disease that occurs rather rarely. The body creates antibodies against the body's own cells in the gastric mucosa. The reasons for this have not yet been clarified. The inflammation is slow and chronic. Type B gastritis is the inflammation caused by Heliobakter pylori (see above). Type C stands for irritation of the gastric mucosa by chemical or toxic substances such as alcohol. This form occurs rarely and can be acute as well as chronic. Bile and pancreatic juice, which are increased in the stomach due to reflux disease, can also be triggers. Chronic gastritis can be a prerequisite for the formation of a stomach ulcer. In contrast to this, however, an ulcer penetrates the deeper layers of the stomach wall. Compared to stomach cancer, it is a benign disease. The signs of a stomach ulcer are pain below the breastbone. These occur partly independently of the food, e.g. B. at night, sometimes before or after eating. The pain can be burning or pressing. Other complaints are nausea and loss of appetite. However, some stomach ulcers go hand in hand without pain. If bleeding occurs from the stomach ulcer, this is indicated by black stools. Because the blood is changed in color by the acidic gastric juice.

Proper nutrition as an effective aid in stomach ulcer disease

The easiest way to get an acute gastritis under control is to go easy on your stomach for two to three days. During this time, either eat nothing at all or eat foods such as gruel, semolina, rusks or crispbread. Drink unsweetened teas such as fennel, chamomile, or mint tea. According to experts, chronic gastritis caused by Helicobakter pylori cannot be influenced much by diet. Even a fasting cure will most likely not harm the bacteria. However, the results of a German study indicate that the risk of becoming infected with Helicobakter pylori is increased by coffee. That is why experts advise stomach sufferers not to drink more than two cups of coffee beans or black tea in order to avoid discomfort and possibly to support faster healing.

If you have a stomach ulcer or chronic gastritis, your best bet is a light, full diet that leaves out the foods that are causing discomfort. In doing so, they consume food that is easily digestible but as nutrient-rich as possible. This relieves your digestive organs and your metabolism. Do you prefer plant-based foods such as whole grains in your diet, e.g. B. Whole wheat pasta or fine wholemeal bread, brown rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit and legumes, if you can tolerate them. With such a diet, you also consume sufficient fiber at the same time. Refine your dishes with a little cream. Because fat in moderation slows down the stomach's acid production and reduces stomach movement. On the other hand, your stomach will thank you less for dishes such as roasted, deep-fried or fried potatoes, French fries or other very fatty foods. Prepare your meals in an easily digestible way. This is achieved through preparation methods such as stewing or steaming. The right utensils such as coated pans, Roman pot and roasting tube will help you. Take your time to eat and chew enough. Food, dishes and drinks, which experience has shown to often cause complaints, should be consumed with caution. These include B. fresh bread and boiled eggs as well as smoked and cured meat products, fatty meat, smoked fish or canned fish. Legumes, vegetables such as cabbage, cucumber, peppers, leeks, onions or mushrooms as well as unripe fruit, stone fruits such as cherries or plums and undiluted, acid-rich fruit juices can possibly upset your stomach. Some spices such as curry, garlic, horseradish or mustard can also irritate your stomach and make you feel worse. You should avoid alcohol, especially acidic wines, carbonated drinks such as cola and lemonade, as well as coffee beans and sweets.

Only you can find out for yourself which foods are good for you and which cause you symptoms. It is best to remove all critical foods from your diet first and only eat those that you know for sure that you can tolerate them. Gradually, you then incorporate the omitted foods back into your diet. See if your symptoms get worse. Should this be the case, it is advisable to avoid the responsible food in the future. When changing your diet, identifying intolerable foods, looking for alternatives or if you have difficulties implementing the recommendations, nutritional therapy can provide you with good support.

Beware of:

  • fatty, spicy, fried and deep-fried foods
  • Smoked, cured foods
  • Legumes and vegetables such as cabbage, peppers, leeks, onions, cucumbers or mushrooms
  • unripe fruit, raw stone fruit such as cherries or plums
  • Spices such as curry, mustard, horseradish, garlic
  • fresh bread
  • boiled eggs
  • Sweets
  • alcohol
  • carbonated drinks like lemonade or cola
  • Coffee beans
  • nicotine

    Stress and gastric ulcer: take action

    Too much stress can also lead to stomach diseases. Therefore try to avoid stressful situations and hectic rush. When stress makes you sick varies from person to person. What is the right requirement for one person is already overwhelming for another. The situations that stress the individual are also individually different. The best thing to do is to write down the things that are causing you stress. This enables you to identify the situations in which you are under pressure and to develop strategies to deal with stress more easily. Set priorities and delegate activities once in a while. Go out into the fresh air a lot and use your days off to relax. Relaxation techniques such as autogenic training, yoga or breathing exercises help you to escape the hectic everyday life for a short time. Regular exercise also helps reduce stress. You should also treat yourself to enough sleep, vacation and free time. Also pay attention to regular working hours and lunch breaks. If you smoke, try to quit, or at least try to limit it severely.

    As of 6/2020


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