What are the functions of the Prime Minister

Position and duties

The prime minister heads the state government. As head of government, he determines the guidelines for politics.

The Prime Minister has a prominent position in the political system of Baden-Württemberg. His strong position results from the extensive competencies that the state constitution assigns to him.

Duties of the Prime Minister

Its most important task can be found in Article 49 of the state constitution: According to this, the Prime Minister determines the policy guidelines and is responsible for them. He presides over the government and directs its affairs. In addition, the Prime Minister represents the country externally (Article 50), he appoints the judges and officials of the country (Article 51) and exercises the right of grace (Article 52).

Election of the Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is elected by the state parliament with a majority of its members in a secret ballot. The Prime Minister then determines the state government: the ministers, state secretaries and state councilors. He also appoints his deputy. In order to commence its government business, the government also needs confirmation from the state parliament with more than half of the votes cast.

The election of the Prime Minister is only possible with the so-called constructive vote of no confidence: the State Parliament can only withdraw confidence from a Prime Minister if he elects a successor with a majority of its members.

In order to be able to become Prime Minister, one must meet the following requirements: One must have reached the age of 35 and must be able to be elected as a member of parliament.

Official seat

The Villa Reitzenstein in Stuttgart is the official seat of the Prime Minister and at the same time the seat of the state government. The State Ministry, the planning and coordination authority of the Prime Minister, is also located there.