Which US state has the most churches?
In the USA, state and religion are strictly separated from each other. Even the first settlers of Rhode Island, Quakers persecuted by the Kingdom of England for their beliefs, set great store by the separation of church and state. Today the separation requirement can be found in the First Amendment to the American Constitution, adopted on December 15, 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights ("Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.")
In today's reality, this means that civil rights groups are currently suing cities that have erected the Ten Commandments as memorials. During the census, the religious affiliation of the citizens of any church is not recorded, the state does not care what its citizens believe. And he does not recognize any religious communities either, so that anyone who wants can found his own church.
Regardless of this, Americans always like to refer to God when they want to justify their actions (In God we trust).
Regarding the size of the individual religious communities, which also operate as GmbHs, there is no verifiable information. The majority of the figures used here come from the Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches. Hawaii and Alaska are included.
If you look at the world religions in the USA, membership is distributed as follows:
The Bhuddists make up less than 0.006%. 30.1% of the population cannot be classified, 11.6% describe themselves as non-believers.
The largest Christian group is that roman catholic Church. 40.6% of Christians profess it. On the outside, the Catholic Church of the USA appears as a monolith, on the inside it is deeply divided: to the old contrast between Irish Catholicism and the Italian view, to which the Austro-German-Polish Catholics and an old French one still understand the church In the last few decades the Spanish element has become increasingly influential: immigrants from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Philippines and the states of South America now make up the majority of members in many Catholic parishes, whereas the clergy still largely come from the old elites. This problem will preoccupy the Catholic Church in the USA for the next few years.
The second largest group of Christian communities form the Baptists. They comprise 21.6% of Christians, their largest communities are the Southern Baptist Convention (47.8%) and the National Baptist Convention U.S.A. Ltd. (24.9%). The Baptists particularly reject infant baptism and advocate the separation of church and state. It originated in the 17th century.
The Methodists are the third largest group with 8.1%. Its two largest churches are the United Methodist Church (67.9%) and the African Methodist Episcopal Church (20.2%). The Methodists come from the Church of England (Anglican Church) and split off in 1738 under John Wesley. They have been represented in the USA since 1784 (Baltimore).
The fourth largest group is formed by the Pentecostal churches with 7.2%. Her focus is in the Bible belt between Missouri and Tennessee. The largest individual churches are the Church of God in Christ (50.3%), the Assamblies of God (23.1%) and the Pentacoastal Assamblies of the World Inc. (13.7%). The Pentecostal churches split off from the Methodists at the beginning of the 20th century. Noteworthy is the so-called baptism of the spirit, which puts believers into ecstasy during the service, which has also given the believers the name "roller".
The follow in 5th place Lutheran with 5.4%. The two main groups are the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (62.4%) and the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (31.3%). The Lutheran churches refer to the reformer Luther and include in particular members of German and Scandinavian origin.
The Mormon (3.3%) consist in particular of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Mormons were founded by Joseph Smith. Her main focus is in Utah. In contrast to the other Christian churches, the Mormons know the Book of Mormon in addition to the Bible. They reject infant baptism and pursue an active mission, whereby all ancestors of those who have converted are "saved". Hence, the Mormons have the best genealogical records in the world.
The presbyterian Churches (2.7%), the largest single church is the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) (86.9%), can be traced back to the reformer Calvin. There are many similarities between the Lutherans and the Presbyterians; there are differences in particular with regard to the sacraments. The Presbyterian Church has its origins in Scotland.
They have a story of their own orthodox Churches (2.7%). In terms of numbers, the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America is in the lead (47.9%), followed by the Orthodox Church in America (24.5%), which is exempt from the Patriarch of Moscow. The Diocese of America of the Armenian Apostolic Church (10.1%) is also one of the numerous local Orthodox churches.
The Episcopal Church (1.6%) is part of the Anglican Church and was the American state church before independence. Membership in the Church, also known as the "High Church", was an act of loyalty to England after independence. Head of the Church, including its American branch, is Queen Elizabeth II.
The smallest of the groups that make up more than one percent of Christians is that reformed Church with 1.3%. Its largest branch is the United Church of Christ (73.4%) followed by the Reformed Church in America (15.3%). The Reformed Church differs in degrees from the Lutherans, its believers come mainly from Switzerland, the Netherlands, Hungary, the Czech Republic and from the Reformed German areas (e.g. Palatinate, Hesse-Nassau, etc.).
Other more important religious communities are the Churches of Christ, the Jehovah's Witnesses, the Christian Church, the Adventists, the Church of Nazarene, the Salvation Army, the Christian & Mission Alliance, the Churches of God, the Full Gospel Fellowship of Churches and Ministers International and the Community Churches, as well as numerous other smaller communities.
Although numerically small, we emphasize the Mennonites and even more the Brethren (Armish), who stand out for their consistent way of life. The Friends, better known as Quakers, played an important role in American history. They reject any form of priesthood (and armed service) and celebrate a contemplative, absolutely unritual worship service.
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