How many Americans live in Mexico permanently

Country Profiles Migration: Data - History - Politics

One of the most unusual features of Mexican migration is the concentration of 98% of emigrants in one destination - the United States.

Mexican Emigrants in the United States as a Percentage of the Mexican Population, 1900-2005 License: cc by-nc-nd / 2.0 / de (bpb)
There is a very high degree of contact with the northern neighbor: a quarter of Mexican adults have visited or lived there, and 60% have relatives who live there. Around 11 million Mexicans - about 11% of the Mexican population - lived in the United States in 2005. And every year there are an estimated 400,000 more.

Mexicans make up by far the largest national group among immigrants in the United States. Mexico-borns made up 30% of the US foreign-born population in 2002, and made up 21% of the regular and an estimated 57% of the irregular immigrants. [1] Meanwhile, including the descendants of Mexican immigrants born in the USA, a total of 25 million people of Mexican descent live in the USA - that corresponds to 8.7% of the US population. [2]

"Mexicans" in the USA by place of birth, 1900-2000 License: cc by-nc-nd / 2.0 / de (bpb)

Changes in the migration pattern in the recent past

In recent years, a more differentiated pattern can be recorded for the emigration from Mexico to the USA, both in terms of regional origin from Mexico as well as the distribution in the USA and the length of stay.

Diversification within Mexico
The western highlands in Mexico have been the main emigration point for the past century. As recently as 2003, a third of Mexicans in the United States came from three contiguous states: Jalisco, Michoacán and Guanajuato. [3] In percentage terms, the states of Zacatecas, Guanajuato, Michoacán, Nayarit and Durango have the highest levels of emigration in the same region. [4] However, Mexico as a whole has been affected by emigration since the 1990s. According to the 2000 census, 96% of the country's 2,443 municipios (administrative districts) recorded emigration or remittances from emigrants. The share of the south and the Mexico City region in the number of Mexican emigrants rose from 22% in 1990 to 30% in 2005. For the first time, the eastern state of Veracruz on the Gulf of Mexico is also an important region of origin. [5]

Distribution in the USA
The Mexican population in the United States is increasingly dispersed across the country. In 1990, 89% of Mexican immigrants lived in the states of California, Texas, Illinois, and Arizona, but by 2002 that number had fallen to 72%. [6] Although California remains the main destination with 42.8% of the Mexican population, the Southeast and New York have become major destinations. Georgia, Florida, and North Carolina are now among the top ten destinations. [7] The high cost of living in traditional migration destinations and the prospect of work in the poultry and meat industries of the Midwest and Southeast, light industry and construction are driving the diversion. Although wages in California are higher than in the Southeast and Midwest, California is becoming less attractive due to high housing costs and a saturated labor market for the low-skilled.