Why does Malaysia not belong to Indonesia?
Bahasa Melayu & Bahasa Indonesia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Bahasa Melayu (Malay language, Malay) is the national language in Malaysia (Bahasa Malaysia, Malay), Singapore and Brunei Darulssalam. The official language in Indonesia is Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian). These languages are not artificial languages, but closely related forms of Malay, which has been the trading language of the Malay Archipelago (Sunda Islands) for centuries. Malay is part of the Austronesian language family, which includes around 700 languages between Madagascar and Easter Island. In the Malay archipelago alone, between 200 and 350 different regional languages are spoken. The most important are Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese. Forms of Malay are spoken in the Malay Peninsula, the eastern coastal areas of Sumatra, Jakarta, the coastal areas of Kalimantan, Manado, the Lesser Sunda Islands, and the Moluccas.
Over time, many other languages have influenced Malay. 2000 years ago it was Sanskrit, in the 13th century Arabic and in the 16th century various European languages. Since the beginning of colonial rule in what is now Malaysia and Indonesia, these have mainly been English and Dutch. After Indonesia's independence, terms from regional languages increasingly flowed into the language, especially Javanese.
In the 19th and 20th In the 18th century, Malay was considered outdated and backward in Malaysia. After Malaysia's independence in 1957, a state language commission introduced thousands of neologisms. The language thus renewed was integrated into the school system a little later. It was called Bahasa Kebangsaan (national language) from 1957 to 1969, and has been called since 1969 Bahasa Malaysia.
The term Bahasa Indonesia was coined at the 2nd youth congress in 1928. The motto was "Satu nusa, satu bangsa, satu bahasa!" (One country, one people, one language!). Malay was later established as the basis of Indonesian. No particular regional language was preferred, which might have led to conflicts. In 1945 Indonesian became the national language of Indonesia and, among other things, served the purpose of uniting the numerous ethnic groups of Indonesia into one nation.
For a long time, Indonesian was a compulsory subject in Indonesian schools, while the rest of the lessons were held in the regional addresses. Today only Indonesian is taught. Nevertheless, one shouldn't forget that Indonesian is actually every Indonesian's second language. You can tell from the pronunciation which region he or she comes from. A large part of the Indonesians still speak only their respective regional language (especially in the remote areas). For example, the BahasaBali is still maintained in Bali in the areas outside the tourist centers.
You can find pronunciation basics on our language information pages.
Literature on the subject
Nation building Indonesia
Round trips on the topic
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Why travel with us?
- For over 20 years we have been developing individual tours, individual round trips and private trips to Indonesia, Borneo and Timor-Leste together with you and for you. Many years of experience in and with the region make sunda-islands.com your contact when it comes to traveling in and around the islands of Indonesia.
- Your personal contact from the sunda-islands.com team will accompany you from the first travel idea to the final planning of your private trip. Our own local office and our partners are at your side with advice and action at all times.
- Each destination is unique and differs from the others in terms of culture, language, clothing, architecture, dance and way of life. This results in the fascinating diversity for which the region is known as a travel destination. We at sunda-islands.com want to share this uniqueness of cultures with you. Discover with us the wonder worlds of the archipelago beyond the possibilities of a conventional catalog package tour. Whether rare animals, remote coral reefs, seething volcanoes or traces of past cultures - we will take you there!
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