What religion was Jimmy Carter
Coronation of the term of office after the term of office
When he was nominated as a presidential candidate by the Democratic Party in 1976, he was still unknown to many in the country.
I grew up on a farm in the depression years
He grew up on a farm in a time of economic hardship.
Every evening, Rosalynn and I read the Bible aloud, one night I read, the next night she reads, we have been doing this for about twenty years
His faith gave him support. For twenty years he has been reading aloud from the Bible every evening, alternately with his wife.
And in the White House I was committed to peace, but I also strengthened greatly our military capabilities ...
A man of peace who, as president, campaigned for the expansion of his country's military power.
In July, President Carter decided on a bold stroke. He invited two historic enemies to sit down together at Camp David to negotiate peace
However, it was not gun violence but peaceful settlement that led to the greatest success of his presidency, the peace agreement between Israel and Egypt, negotiated in Camp David, a historic achievement that was quickly overshadowed by domestic political setbacks and the inability to solve the energy crisis.
Now I've got heavy underwear, and the White House is cold inside ...
... and the inability to free the American hostages in Iran.
The Iran crisis ... America held hostage "(US TV)
Elected after a term and rather unlucky as president ...
Does it annoy you, Rosalynn, that they refer to your husband as the best former President ever? ... and I don’t like it at all because I think that he was a really good President
... even if his wife sees it differently. He himself has long since come to terms with it.
His life has been the Carter Center for 20 years. "Making peace. Fighting diseases. Giving hope." is the motto of the center. He sees this work as the main reason for receiving the Nobel Peace Prize.
James Earl Carter Jr. was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. His mother, Lillian, was a nurse and joined the Peace Corps at the age of 68. Unlike her husband, Jimmy's father, Earl, she campaigned for black equality at a very early age. Five black tenant families lived on the Carters' farm in Archery, near the Plains. They grew corn, cotton, and peanuts. More than 200 black farm workers were employed at harvest time. Most of Jimmy's playmates were black.
At school, in the Plains, a nest of 600 souls, Jimmy stood out because he was harder working than everyone else. Not only did he read Ben Hur, but King Lear as well, and he was top of the class. And he dreamed of the Navy. His uncle, himself in the Navy, had stimulated his imagination with adventure stories, postcards and souvenirs from distant countries. Father Earl supported his desire for a career at sea.
To meet the stringent requirements of the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Jimmy began to work on himself. Since he thought he had flat feet, he practiced walking on Coke bottles to strengthen the balls of his feet. Because he thought he was too thin, he ate plenty of bananas. And he went to college for two years.
In June 1943, at the age of 18, he was accepted into the US Naval Academy in Annapolis. A beaming cadet in a snow-white uniform, an image that made an impression not only on his parents, but also on his sister Ruth's best friend, Rosalynn Smith, a shy girl, pious and hardworking.
Jimmy's sister Ruth was my best friend and she had a picture of him on the wall in her bedroom. I just thought he was the most handsome young man I had ever seen. One day I confessed to her that I wish she would let me take that photograph home because I just thought I had fallen in love with Jimmy Carter.
She had never seen such a handsome young man. On July 7, 1946, Jimmy Carter had just graduated from the Naval Academy, the two married. She was 18 and he was 21. A year later their first son was born, followed by James Earl and Jeff. Not an easy time for Rosalynn. While she took care of the children and the housekeeping, Jimmy, a marine lieutenant, was often out and about, on the submarine mission. The "Sea Wolf" was his ship, a nuclear powered submarine.
When others were out in their free time, Jimmy Carter read books or solved sonar problems, and learned discipline, order, and ambition. A promising career lay ahead of him. But then everything turned out differently. His father fell ill with cancer, Jimmy returned to Plains and took over the farm after his father's death - much to Rosalynn's displeasure.
Peter Bourne: She had seen a very nice life ahead of them and then he wanted to give that all up and go back and become a peanut farmer and she was just really angry
Carter's biographer, Peter Bourne, in a documentary on PBS television. Rosalynn was annoyed by Jimmy's decision to give up the good life and become a peanut farmer. After nine years, Jimmy Carter's life in the country became a bit monotonous. Teacher in the Sunday School of the Baptist Church, Scoutmaster with the Boy Scouts, Vice President of the Lions Club, one day, he was now 38, none of this was good enough for him. Jimmy Carter ran for the Georgia State Senate. An election campaign without money and without employees. An election in which his political opponent worked with all tricks, in which dead voters also "cast votes." Carter lost, decided to challenge the result, and was declared the winner after electoral fraud was uncovered.
He served two terms as a senator, then ran for governor. But he lost, if only just barely. 66,000 dollars poorer and 100 pounds lighter, Carter sought consolation and encouragement from his sister Ruth. For them there was only one thing in life: their Christian faith and the Bible. After a long conversation with his sister, Jimmy decided to subordinate his political career to faith. Inspired by Reinhold Niebuhr, one of the most important Protestant theologians in the USA, Jimmy Carter put together a political theology that was based on the principle that God expects him to make the best of himself as a politician. This sense of mission has never left him and has caused considerable difficulties for others who later came into contact with him, such as Helmut Schmidt.
On his second, this time successful, attempt, he surrounded himself with confident, young consultants who knew something about image and the media: Jordi Powell, Hamilton Jordan, Gerald Rafshoon and Bert Lance. On January 12, 1971, Jimmy Carter took his oath of office as governor of Georgia and caused a sensation when, in his inaugural address, he confronted the white voters he had campaigned for when he stated that the days of racial discrimination were over.
The time for racial discrimination is over
When the presidential campaign began a year later, Jimmy Carter was already hoping to be nominated for the Democratic Party's vice-presidential nomination, alongside George McGovern. But he decided on Edmund Muskie and suffered one of the biggest defeats in American presidential history in 1972 against a Richard Nixon, whose involvement in the Watergate scandal was not foreseeable at the time.
Four years later, Gerald Ford had meanwhile replaced Nixon, the hour of the "Outsider" from Georgia struck. After Vietnam and Watergate, the nation wanted a fresh start.
I’ll never tell a lie, I’ll never make a misleading statement, I’ll never betray the confidence that any of you has in me
He would never lie, never make a misleading statement and never betray the confidence of the voters, Carter promised and almost lost the election when, at the end of a five-hour interview in "Playboy", he admitted without being asked that he looked at many women covetously and many in his heart Times having committed adultery. In its clumsiness, this admission was only surpassed by the political naivety of Gerald Ford, who, in the second television debate between the two candidates, went on to claim that Eastern Europe was free from Soviet domination and would remain so as long as he was President.
There is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe and there never will be under a Ford administration
Carter's victory was narrow: 40.8 million to 39.1 million votes, 297 to 241 electoral votes. Jimmy Carter's presidency was shaped by his personal characteristics. She benefited from his persistence and failed because of his stubbornness. His greatest success: Camp David, the peace agreement he brokered between Israel and Egypt, twelve days of tough negotiations, from September 6 to 17, 1978, during which Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin threatened to break off the talks and to leave. It was Jimmy Carter who persuaded her to stay.
I carried some photographs of his grandchildren over ...
He won the beginning by writing the names of all eight grandchildren on a photo and warning him to think about their future if there was no peace.
... he changed his mind and decided to stay
With Sadat, he recalls, he had one of his most intense human encounters.
I told Sadat that if he did leave, he would be violating his word of honor to me that he would not walk out ...
He would break his word of honor if he left early, said Carter Sadat to his conscience, he would destroy the personal relationship with him that was so important to both of them, as well as the relationship between their two countries.
So, he tought about it awhile and said we'll stay
Six months later, the Camp David agreements resulted in a formal peace treaty between Egypt and Israel. It was ceremoniously signed on March 26, 1979 in a tent on the White House lawn, a great moment for Jimmy Carter. This effort alone, the Norwegian Nobel Committee declared in October of this year, was worthy of the Nobel Peace Prize. The chairman of the committee explained that he was not honored together with Sadat and Begin in 1978 by saying that Carter had not been nominated at the time.
America should soon be confronted with problems other than the Middle East conflict. The aftermath of the Vietnam War left its mark more and more clearly.
The most serious of the problems our nation has, is inflation and it's getting worse.
Inflation is the worst of the problems, said Carter, calling on all Americans to make sacrifices. But the Americans' willingness to make sacrifices traditionally ends at the gas pump. Rising gasoline and heating oil prices are fatal for a president's reputation. His appeals to turn down the heaters provoked caustic comments. And his well-intentioned hint that it was cold in the White House and that he himself was wearing warm underwear, seemed more like an admission of helplessness.
Carter was at a loss and withdrew to Camp David. For ten days he surrounded himself with church officials, educators and psychologists. Vice President Walter Mondale tried in vain to convince Carter that it was not a question of national psychosis, but of real problems such as inflation, recession and unemployment.
I argued that ... real gaslines
But Carter saw it differently. The nation's real problems are more serious than queues in front of gas stations or a shortage of energy. More serious than inflation and recession. His government has failed. The dwindling confidence in the future threatens to destroy the political and social community.
It is a crisis of confidence. It is a crisis that strikes at the very heart and soul and spirit of our national will.
As President, Carter said to his 65 million television viewers, he needs your help. His speech, arguably the most controversial of his presidency, went down in history as the Malaise address. There was also criticism of his human rights policy. The intention was honorable.
I feel deeply ...
If people were imprisoned and tortured without trial, if they were deprived of basic rights, then it should be the right of the President of the United States to express his displeasure and do something about it. Realpoliticians like Helmut Schmidt found this policy, at least with regard to the Soviet Union, wrong from the outset.
Helmut Schmidt had a tense relationship with Jimmy Carter until the end. He saw in him a moralist who was convinced of the superiority of his moral position. He criticized the fact that the Euro-strategic medium-range weapons were not taken into account in the SALT II negotiations, that the nuclear threat and vulnerability of Germany were neglected, and got the, literally, "depressing impression that Leonid Brezhnev understood my concerns better than Jimmy Carter ". Schmidt found Carter's reaction to the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, the partial trade embargo and the boycott of the Summer Olympics in Moscow in 1980 as rash as the attempt to free the American hostages in Iran.
Foreign Minister Cyrus Vance had submitted his resignation even before the "Eagle Claw" operation began. The operation, in which six C-130 transport aircraft and eight Sea Stallion helicopters were used, seemed too daring to him. It was canceled when three of the helicopters broke down due to material damage. During the retreat operation, one of the helicopters collided with one of the large transporters. The bodies of the eight killed soldiers and the helicopters were left in the desert in the hustle and bustle of the Carter-ordered retreat.
For Carter's critics, the failure of the liberation cooperation was the culmination of a failed Iran policy, and Carter's courting the Shah during a state visit to Tehran at the end of 1977 was extremely embarrassing and short-sighted.
Iran, because of the great leadership of the Shah, is an island of stability in one of the more troubled areas of the world
Only one year later, in January 1979, when the Shah had to flee the island of stability, Ayatollah Khomeini took over power in Iran. On November 4, the American embassy in Tehran was stormed and 66 embassy staff were taken hostage. Eight black women and five secretaries were released shortly afterwards. The remaining 53 hostages had to wait fourteen months to be released. And it wasn't Jimmy Carter who was allowed to announce the end of the hostage drama, but his successor, Ronald Reagan, on the day of his inauguration.
Reagan’s victory was overwhelming. He received 489 electoral votes and Carter only 49. At 56, Carter returned to Plains, Georgia. The work on his presidential library did not appeal to him. He said he was not interested in erecting a memorial for himself. And then, in the middle of the night, an idea occurred to him.
He was sitting upright in bed, Rosalynn remembers, and she thought he was not doing well because he usually slept through the night, even in the White House. He knew what they could do with the library, said Jimmy: Resolve conflicts. That was the beginning of the Carter Center in Atlanta and the beginning of Jimmy Carter's second term, this time not as president but as peacemaker and election observer, fighter against tropical diseases and promoter of growth and progress in the developing world.
For Dr. James Zingeser, chief epidemiologist at the Carter Center, and his nearly two dozen staff, fight these diseases with human rights. Health, he says, is a fundamental human right.
In fact, everything in the Carter Center is founded on President Carter and our shared sense of human rights and for those of us who work here, it is clear that health is a human right
The second focus of the center is on making peace. The stations of Carter's conflict management include Sudan, Uganda, North Korea, Haiti, Liberia and Bosnia. Carter traveled to Cuba in May of that year. It was the first US President's visit to Cuba since 1928.
Dr. Jennifer McCoy is the director of the Carter Center's Americas Program. Carter has been interested in Cuba since he tried in 1977 to normalize relations between the United States and the Caribbean island. The Carter's visit had three goals. To enter into a dialogue with Castro, to get to know the Cuban people and to look for ways to improve relations.
Debido a que los Estados Unidos es la nacion mas poderosa, somos nosotros quienes debemos dar el primer paso ...
And since the United States is the stronger nation, Carter said in a televised address at the University of Havana, it must take the first step, open trade relations with Cuba and end the embargo.
That was exactly what Fidel Castro wanted to hear and what George Bush wanted to ignore. Carter specifically advocated the Varela project, which was hushed up by the Castro regime, an initiative by opponents of the regime to force a referendum on the holding of free elections based on the Cuban constitution.
I think it would be very good if your officials were to decide to publish the entire document.Let there be a free and open debate in Cuba.
A free and open debate in Cuba? What Castro thought of it was made clear when he held his own referendum after Carter's departure. It wasn't about democracy and human rights, but about perpetuating socialism a la Cubana.
"Experience is what you have in abundance when you can't keep your job," Carter wrote in his book "The Virtues of Aging," referring to the aftermath of his 1980 election defeat. In the two decades that followed, Jimmy Carter did Capitalized on the excess of experience for more than one job, a second term that has now also found its deserved recognition with the Nobel Peace Prize.
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