How early can a pregnancy be recognized?

pregnancy test

The first sign of pregnancy for most women is a missed period. Unfortunately, however, this is not a very safe sign because few women have regular cycles. Only a pregnancy test and an examination by the gynecologist can do that Confirm pregnancy safely.

What is a pregnancy test?

When a fertilized egg engages in the uterus, the placenta produces it Pregnancy hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). It can therefore only be detected in the body during pregnancy. The hormone can be detected in the urine about 14 days after fertilization and in the blood after about six to nine days. A pregnancy test measures the existing concentration of hCG in the body and can thus quickly provide information about an existing pregnancy.

There are different variants of the pregnancy test. Probably the best known and most widely used pregnancy test is the Urine testwhich can easily be done at home. This pregnancy self-test measures the hCG level in the urine. This type of urine test is in the Pharmacy or drugstore available.

pregnancy test

If you want to know as quickly as possible whether you are pregnant or not, there is one option Early tests. This can give information about an existing pregnancy as early as four days before the missed period. This pregnancy test is also available in the pharmacy or drugstore and can easily be carried out at home.

The gives absolute security Gynecologist. He will do a blood test and an ultrasound scan. During a blood test, the so-called beta-hCG test, the doctor measures the concentration of the pregnancy hormone hCG in the blood. Pregnancy can be determined as early as six to nine days after fertilization of the egg cell. The ultrasound examination is a safe method of detecting pregnancy from around the fifth week of pregnancy. At this point the embryo can already be seen in the amniotic sac.

First symptoms of pregnancy

Pregnancy symptoms indicate the presence of pregnancy. Some of these Symptoms are triggered by the pregnancy hormone hCG and the hormonal changes in the body associated with pregnancy. A distinction is made between uncertain, probable and certain signs of pregnancy as signs of an existing pregnancy.

Unsure signs of pregnancywhich can be traced back to the feelings of the woman. In addition to pregnancy, they can also have other causes, such as menstrual disorders.

  • Nausea and vomiting, especially in the morning
  • increased vaginal discharge
  • Breast enlargement and feeling of tension
  • frequent urination

Likely Signs of Pregnancywhich, however, do not yet provide direct evidence include:

  • Missing your period
  • fresh stretch marks
  • Foremilk
  • Lividity (bluish tinge) of the vagina and labia
  • positive pregnancy test

Secure evidence for pregnancy are only:

  • the evidence of the hCG hormone in the blood (from six days after fertilization)
  • detection of the amniotic sac or embryo by means of ultrasound (from the 5th week of pregnancy)
  • proof of child's heartbeat (from the 7th week of pregnancy)

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How does a pregnancy test work?

Basically, all pregnancy self-tests work the same way: they measure the level of hCG in the urine. Depending on the manufacturer, only that is different Presentation of the positive or negative result. Some will have pink or blue lines on the test strip, others will show a plus or minus sign or a dot in a test window, and still others will indicate the approximate week of pregnancy. Almost all have pregnancy tests two display fields. The first window is the so-called control window, which always changes color if the test was carried out correctly. The second window shows whether the test was positive or negative.

This type of pregnancy test can be done at any time of the day. However, it is ideal to do the pregnancy test in the morning, as the Morning urine is more concentrated and therefore contains a larger amount of the hCG hormone.

The Handling of the individual tests is different. For some tests, you can hold the test stick directly into the urine stream. Other tests require you to collect the urine in a container and then dip the pregnancy test in it. So read them carefully first Instructions for use of the pregnancy test and then apply it as described.

A normal pregnancy test provides a reliable result on the first day of the missed period at the earliest. If the test is negative even though you think you are pregnant, simply repeat it after a few days. Perhaps the level of hCG in your blood was simply too low to give a correct positive result.

How Safe Are Pregnancy Tests?

If you have followed the instructions for use of your pregnancy test exactly, you can use a Probability greater than 95% assume a correct result.

False positives are very rare, but false negatives are more common. If your body does not release enough hCG, the pregnancy test can come back negative even though you are pregnant. Therefore, do not take the test too early, but rather wait a few days after the first period has not been performed.

When should you see a doctor?

If the pregnancy test is positive, it is time to make an appointment with the gynecologist. He will do a blood test, a beta hCG test, and if necessary an ultrasound scan to check for your Clearly confirm pregnancy.

If the pregnancy test is negative several times, but you are sure that you are pregnant, you should also make an appointment with your gynecologist. In rare cases, the level of hCG hormones in the urine may be too low to be detected using conventional pregnancy tests. Only the beta-hCG test or an ultrasound examination at the gynecologist can provide clarity here.