Allergies can cause wheezing
House dust mite allergy
House dust mite allergy
Tired? You may be allergic to dust mites!
Do you feel sleepy? The reason for this is often more obvious than you think. Perhaps you suffer from an allergy to your bedfellow: a house dust mite allergy, colloquially often referred to as a house dust allergy.
House dust allergy - clearly explained
This video explains the causes and symptoms of a house dust allergy and tells you what treatment options you have.
Typical symptoms of a house dust allergy
The allergy symptoms of a house dust allergy are similar to those of a cold. Itchy or watery eyes, headache, itchy throat, stuffy nose, cough or runny nose. It is noticeable that people who are allergic to house dust mites experience these symptoms after waking up. No wonder - after a night together under a blanket!
House dust mites love the cozy atmosphere in your upholstered furniture - in your sofa and of course in your bed. Dust mites are basically harmless. Unless you are allergic to your millions of bedfellows. After all, you are exposed to your allergens for several hours each night. The consequences: You wake up exhausted, can concentrate less and are not as productive.
What is perhaps even worse, the persistent fatigue caused by the symptoms of your house dust allergy is bad for you. So a bad mood is inevitable.
It is best not to let your allergy bother you at night or during the day and save yourself further complications. You can find out tips and tricks on how to reduce allergen exposure at home here. In addition, there is the possibility of grabbing your mite allergy by the forelock and treating the cause. All information on how to do this can be found here. If your allergy remains untreated, you may have to reckon with long-term health problems such as asthma.
Take an online allergy test to find out more about the severity of your allergy symptoms and other ways and tips against mites.
What are dust mites?
House dust mites are eight-legged creatures and belong to the spider family. They are white and only about 0.3 mm in size. You cannot completely prevent their presence. We find dust mites even in the cleanest households - especially in dark, damp places. Mattresses, pillows and blankets are ideal living spaces. Dust mites also like to colonize carpets and upholstered furniture. Here you will find the ideal climate and enough food: dead human skin cells.
House dust mites are inherently harmless - unless you have an allergic reaction to them. Then mites cause unpleasant allergy symptoms. Strictly speaking, a house dust allergy is triggered by enzymes found in the animal's faeces and in the components of dried mite bodies. With every breath we breathe in the disintegrated particles.
House dust mites are one of the most common allergy triggers in closed rooms. However, allergy sufferers can also come into contact with them in public places, on public transport or through contact with other people.
Do you know these symptoms?
Most people struggle with their house dust allergy symptoms all year round. Symptoms are often worst during the cold season. While we want to make ourselves comfortable inside, the heating air swirls up the allergens.
The most common symptoms of house dust allergy are:
● Frequent sneezing
● Runny or stuffy nose
● Itchy, watery, or red eyes
● Chest tightness
● Shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing
Your treatment options
There are several things you can do to keep your allergy in check
Depending on which allergy treatment you choose, you can alleviate the symptoms of your allergy or even tackle the cause. It is best to discuss which treatment option is best for you with a specialist in your area as soon as possible. He or she can certainly best assess the extent of your allergic illness in connection with the symptoms you have described. Based on these parameters and your individual wishes, you will find the best solution for you together. The catalog of questions for your doctor's visit can be downloaded here.
Reduce contact with allergens!
Avoiding dust mites completely is simply impossible. It is not to expose yourself to house dust mites as little as possible. There are a few tricks you can use to reduce the number of mites in your home:
- The room temperature and the humidity in the bedroom should be kept as low as possible.
- The apartment should be thoroughly ventilated at least once a day.
- The bed linen should be changed more often and washed at at least 60 degrees.
- Use encasings: These are coatings that are impermeable to the mites and thus cut off the animals from their food sources. Some health insurance companies reimburse the costs for these covers. Ask your health insurance company about this.
- Clean your mattresses once a year.
- Do not allow pets in the bedroom or, ideally, do without them altogether.
- In general, do without "dust catchers" in the apartment.
- Smooth floor coverings should be wiped regularly with a damp cloth every one or two days.
- Vacuum regularly. The vacuum cleaner should be equipped with a so-called HEPA filter.
- Sofa cushions, plush toys and similar items that mites feel comfortable in can be placed in the freezer for 24 hours or exposed to higher temperatures in the tumble dryer for a certain period of time. Both kill mites and thus also reduce allergen exposure.
What can I do about my mite allergy?
In this short video, Dr. Kristina some tricks to help you reduce the number of mites in your home.
Alleviate your allergy symptoms
You may want to resort to medication to keep your allergy symptoms in check. Antihistamines in the form of drops or tablets can provide relief, especially for acute symptoms. Most of the symptom-relieving allergy preparations are available over-the-counter in pharmacies, but some require a prescription. Getting medical advice before taking any medication is always a good idea. Find a specialist here.
Fight the root cause of your allergy
So-called desensitization is a promising form of treatment that does more than alleviate symptoms. The aim of specific immunotherapy is to develop a tolerance to a specific allergen. If you want to address the cause of your allergy, check with your doctor to see if this treatment is an option for you. You can find out more about hyposensitization here.
No time to find an allergy expert?
The allergist appointment service will take care of it. This service is provided by Sanvartis, a leading healthcare service specialist. The competent specialists are at your side with an open ear and an extensive directory of suitable doctors in the field of allergies - free of charge, of course!
Order a callback now or simply call 0800 65 00 800 on weekdays between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m.
Don't let your allergy limit you any longer
Medication to relieve symptoms can quickly relieve you of your allergy symptoms. Are your complaints continuing? Or do you need higher and higher doses to keep your symptoms in check? Then you could benefit from desensitization.
Discuss your treatment options with your doctor.
When allergies lead to asthma
In 20 to 50 percent of all house dust allergy sufferers, asthma develops within 5 to 15 years. So if your allergy is left untreated, the risk of asthma increases. It is all the more important for you to receive the correct diagnosis and treatment as early as possible.
Key facts at a glance
In Germany, around a tenth of the population has an allergic reaction to house dust mite allergens. House dust allergies are therefore one of the most common allergies. Colloquially, this allergy is often referred to as a house dust allergy. The symptoms are often similar to those that occur with colds and hay fever. As with other allergies, the symptoms can be relieved in the short term with medication. In the long term, desensitization can help. In the case of a house dust allergy, it is particularly important to reduce the allergen load by combating house dust mites.
Last update: 19/04/2021
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