What are the types of virtue

7. The virtue ethics

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2013 | OriginalPaper | Book chapter

Aristotle

Authors: Dieter Frey, Lisa Schmalzried

Published by Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Summary

In contrast to the two preceding moral theories, the virtue ethics Aristotle ‘does not formulate a supreme guiding principle for morally correct action, but rather draws up a catalog of virtues. The starting point for Aristotle ‘Virtue ethics is the question“ How should we act in order to lead a good, happy life? ”. This question is justified because everyone wants to be happy. In other words, happiness is the supreme good that all human activity strives for. A central idea of ​​Aristotle's theory is that he assumes that one becomes happy when one acts virtuously. To have a virtue means to have a certain habitus, i.e. a basic attitude, namely to act virtuously. One can distinguish two kinds of virtues: the intellectual virtues, such as wisdom or prudence, and the moral virtues, such as generosity or temperance. We learn the intellectual virtues through instruction, whereas we acquire the moral virtues through habituation. Moral virtues - regardless of the different manifestations of the individual virtues - are characterized by the fact that they strive for the middle between two extremes, excess and lack.

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About this chapter
book
Philosophy of leadership

Print ISBN: 978-3-642-34438-1

Electronic ISBN: 978-3-642-34439-8

Copyright Year: 2013

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34439-8

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34439-8_7
Authors:
Dieter Frey
Lisa Schmalzried
publishing company
Springer Berlin Heidelberg

premium partner

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