What are gluten-free foods

Guide to celiac disease: gluten-free foods

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Patients with celiac disease (gluten intolerance) have to change their diet and avoid gluten for life.

Gluten-free foods are:

  • Rice, rice flakes, rice starch
  • Potatoes, potato flour
  • Corn (polenta), corn flour, corn grits, corn flakes, corn starch
  • Millet, buckwheat, quinoa, amaranth and their products
  • Guar gum, locust bean gum, chestnut flour
  • Sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, sesame seeds, poppy seeds, nuts, almonds
  • all pure soy products
  • Milk and milk products (natural, for example yogurt, cream, quark, all without additives)
  • Fish, meat (natural, i.e. unbreaded and without additives), eggs
  • fresh fruits and fresh vegetables
  • Legumes (no canned food)
  • Jams, honey
  • Butter, margarine, oils
  • Sugar, salt, herbs
  • Mineral water, fruit juices (made from 100 percent fruit without flavoring, preservatives or colorings)
  • Coffee beans, tea (without flavoring, preservatives or coloring)
  • Wine, champagne
  • gluten-free medicines, cosmetics, dentifrices

Products containing gluten are:

  • all products that contain wheat, rye, barley, oats, spelled, green spelled, ancient grain, kamut or emmer
  • Durum wheat semolina, soft wheat semolina
  • all commercially available pasta and baked goods, such as pasta, bread, pastries and cakes
  • Ready meals, soups, sauces with binders containing gluten
  • Canned goods with additives containing gluten, such as flavors, spices
  • Sausage and meat products with binders or spices containing gluten
  • Breadcrumbs and all dishes prepared with them
  • Muesli and all products with grain additives
  • Light products if the sugar and / or fat has been replaced by substances containing gluten
  • ready-made puddings, desserts
  • Malt beverages, beer, whiskey
  • Medicines containing gluten, cosmetics, dental care products

Be careful with food that you do not prepare yourself

However, the permitted foods can only be put on the table without hesitation if they are in unprocessed form. Pay attention to the labeling of the ingredients of packaged food. All individual ingredients as well as the ingredients of combined ingredients must be specified if they are suspected of triggering allergies or intolerances - including gluten.

Gluten-free foods are also available by mail

You will find a wide range of gluten-free foods in health food stores and well-stocked supermarkets. You can often have gluten-free foods such as bread, pizza crusts, pasta and biscuits sent to you directly from the manufacturer. As a memorable symbol, a crossed-out ear of wheat is depicted on the packaging as a sign of gluten-free conditions. A detailed brochure with gluten-free foods and pharmaceuticals, as well as manufacturer addresses, is available from the German Celiac Society.
  • Author: Dr. med. Gerlind Souza-Offtermatt, doctor and medical journalist; medical quality assurance: Cornelia Sauter, doctor.
  • Swell: Celiac meeting
  • German Celiac Society
  • Guideline of the Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (GPGE): Celiac disease (2010): http://www.awmf.org/uploads/tx_szleitlinien/068-018_S1_Zoeliakie_12-2009_12-2014.pdf

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