Abortion is illegal in India

India: Millions fewer girls because of abortions

Female fetuses have been specifically aborted in India for a long time - even though it is actually forbidden in the country to tell parents-to-be the gender of their child and although there have been nationwide campaigns to rescue girls. But daughters in Indian families are often seen as an economic burden because they are often supposed to bring a large dowry with them to the marriage - although this has actually been forbidden for decades.

In addition, daughters usually leave the family home when they marry and move in with their in-laws. Sons, on the other hand, stay with their parents and can look after them there into old age. And even if girls are born, many die because they get less to eat and are allowed to see a doctor less often than boys.

Upward trend

A team led by Fengqing Chao from King Abdullah University in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia evaluated data from the largest Indian states and federal areas, which comprised more than 98 percent of the population. According to their calculations, around 469,000 girls will be born too few per year between 2017 and 2025 and around 519,000 girls per year between 2026 and 2030.

The researchers write in the journal “Plos One” that the gender ratio in India will have a major influence on the global gender ratio. Because, according to UN forecasts, India is set to become the most populous country in the world in the coming years. The state with a population of 1.3 billion is currently number two after China.