Difference between gasoline and diesel engines 1
1Similar to an injection system, a carburetor is used to supply a gasoline engine with the correct fuel-air mixture in all load conditions. A flammable liquid is evaporated ('gasified') or injected into the intake duct or the combustion chamber itself (injection system) and mixed with a precisely adjusted amount of ambient air in order to obtain an optimally ignitable mixture.
Advantages of the diesel engine:
|Advantages of the gasoline engine:|
The low power-to-weight ratio (kg / kW) and above all the larger usable speed range speak in favor of the petrol engine. More sporty driving (e.g. with motorcycles) is more likely to be possible with gasoline engines. As a rule, gasoline engines are cheaper than diesel engines, so that the advantage of lower fuel consumption with diesel engines only becomes effective for those who drive a lot.
Exhaust gas pollution
The exhaust gas pollution caused by the two types of engine is different: one could casually say: "The gasoline engine threatens the climate with the high CO2 Emissions are particularly high, the diesel engine's lungs through the emission of soot particles (fine dust) and nitrogen oxides. "However, current developments lead to shifts here. Modern gasoline direct-injection engines are often also very economical, which reduces CO2 Reduced disadvantage. At the same time, however, such models emit more soot particles (free dust) and more nitrogen oxides. Soot particle filters are now standard in modern diesel engines, but the high nitrogen oxide emissions are currently causing problems and discussions about driving bans.
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