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Waste management planning

The waste management plans not only show the goals of waste avoidance and recycling, but also identify the waste disposal systems that are required to ensure disposal security.


Municipal waste management plan

At the center of the waste management plan for municipal waste is the implementation of regional waste disposal self-sufficiency. This means that municipal waste generated in North Rhine-Westphalia must be disposed of in the state itself (principle of self-sufficiency) and as close as possible to its place of origin (principle of proximity). Above all, the principle of proximity under European law is to be strengthened. The aim is to avoid waste tourism through North Rhine-Westphalia and to create planning security for the public waste disposal authorities and the operators of household waste incineration plants.

The waste management plan is intended to give clear impulses for an even greater use of municipal waste as a source of raw materials and as an energy supplier. The plan therefore contains ambitious guidelines for waste prevention, reuse and recycling. The Federal Circular Economy Act stipulates that organic waste, paper, metal, plastic and glass waste must be collected separately from January 1, 2015 at the latest. By 2020, the reuse and recycling, i.e. material recovery, of municipal waste should total at least 65 percent by weight. In particular, the separate collection and recycling of biowaste is to be intensified and optimized. Biowaste is an important source of energy and raw materials. Above all, the energetic potential of bio-waste should be used more intensively in the form of biogas. The energetic recovery of suitable bio-waste with subsequent material use is an optimal way to an efficient climate and resource protection.

Obligation from the recycling law

The Recycling Management Act (ยง 30 KrWG) obliges the federal states to draw up waste management plans for their area and contains specifications for their content.

The federal states regulate the procedure for drawing up and declaring that waste management plans are binding. In the Waste Act for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (LAbfG), the corresponding regulations can be found in paragraphs 16 to 18. The procedural regulations for public participation in the preparation of waste management plans have been issued by the federal government (Section 32 KrWG).

The waste management plan can be drawn up in factual sub-sections (e.g. municipal waste, hazardous waste / special waste). With its announcement, it becomes a guideline for all official decisions, measures and plans that are important for waste disposal.



Waste management plan for hazardous waste (hazardous waste)

The disposal of special waste (hazardous waste) is organized privately in NRW. A wide range of systems is available for the recovery, treatment and disposal of hazardous waste.

The waste management plan confirms that the disposal of all hazardous waste generated in North Rhine-Westphalia is secured. This applies to the planning period and beyond. There is no need for additional disposal systems for hazardous waste.

The waste management plan represents the current structures of hazardous waste management in North Rhine-Westphalia as well as their future development and goals. The plan is an information, planning and decision-making basis for authorities, waste producers, the waste management industry, political decision-makers and interested citizens.

On the basis of Article 30, Paragraph 1 of Directive 2008/98 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste (EC Waste Framework Directive) and Section 31, Paragraph 5 of the Recycling Management Act (KrWG), the waste management plan, partial plan, is assessed Special waste (hazardous waste). For this purpose, the underlying data is updated and evaluated annually.

The regular evaluations of the data on the generation and disposal of hazardous waste show that North Rhine-Westphalia still has sufficient disposal capacities for hazardous waste. There is currently no need to update the waste management plan, partial plan special waste (hazardous waste).

Preparation of a waste management plan for North Rhine-Westphalia, partial plan for hazardous waste

The federal states draw up waste management plans for their area in accordance with Section 30 of the Recycling Management Act. Waste management plans are to be updated at regular intervals.
There is a separate sub-plan for hazardous waste in North Rhine-Westphalia. The waste management plan announced in 2008, sub-plan hazardous waste, will be updated and further developed with the draft of the waste management plan, sub-plan hazardous waste (as of September 20, 2019).

The waste management plan for hazardous waste represents the goals of the management of hazardous waste on the basis of the 5-level waste hierarchy of the Recycling Management Act, the current disposal structures and the future development of hazardous waste generation in North Rhine-Westphalia up to 2030. In view of a privately organized hazardous waste disposal in North Rhine-Westphalia -Westfalen, the waste management plan should primarily serve as an information, planning and decision-making basis for waste producers, waste management and politics and the interested public. In addition, obligations under European law are fulfilled.

The draft of the waste management plan was developed on the basis of a comprehensive preliminary study in an open and transparent process.
The North Rhine-Westphalian state cabinet approved the draft of the update of the waste management plan, partial plan for hazardous waste, for associations, authorities and the public to participate at the end of October 2019.
 
The participation and consultation procedure for the draft of the waste management plan was initiated on November 12, 2019 in accordance with the requirements of Section 31 of the Recycling Management Act. The North Rhine-Westphalian municipalities, districts and independent cities as well as associations and companies whose interests may be affected by the waste management plan were able to comment on the draft in writing by January 17, 2020.
At the same time, the public participation in accordance with the requirements of Section 32 of the Recycling Management Act gave citizens the opportunity to view the draft waste management plan and, if necessary, to comment.
 
The participation and consultation process has been completed. The draft is currently being revised on the basis of the comments received.
Following the revision of the plan, agreement must be reached with the state ministries involved, and then consultation with the relevant state parliament committees. The approved waste management plan will then be announced and published.
The preparation process is expected to be completed in the second half of 2020.