What are your pronouns

Possessive pronouns in German grammar

What are possessive pronouns?

possessive pronouns We use (possessive pronoun) when we want to express possession / belonging (my hat). Possessive pronouns are declined and adapt their ending to the noun (see declination).

Learn the rules for forming and using the possessive pronouns and possessive companions and test your knowledge in the exercises.

example

German possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns are declined in German and adapt their ending to the corresponding noun.

Example:
masculine - my father, for my father, with my father, because of my father
feminine - my mother, for my mother, with my mother, because of my mother
neutral - my child, for my child, with my child, because of my child
Plural - my children, for my children, with my children, because of my children

The basic forms of the German possessive pronouns are:

Possessive pronouns as a companion

Possessive pronouns as a companion are like an article in front of the noun. That's why we often mention them Possessive articles.

Example:
This is my hat. I'm looking for my hat.

Depending on gender and case, we have to add different endings to the basic form. The following overview contains the declension of the possessive pronouns as a companion for masculine, feminine, neuter and plural in the nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. All you have to do is pick the right shape.

Possessive pronouns as substitutes

Possessive pronouns as a substitute replace a previously mentioned noun.

Example:
Where is my hat There's his in the closet, but not mine.
(instead of: Is in the closet his hat, but not my hat.)

In most cases, the endings of the possessive pronouns as substitutes do not match the companions. The following overview contains the declension of the possessive pronouns as a substitute for masculine, feminine, neuter and plural in the nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. So all you have to do is choose the right shape.

* Genitive as a substitute for nouns

Genitive as a substitute for a noun is mainly used after certain expressions that require genitive (see declination / genitive).

Example:
It needs your help, not mine.