People age quickly

How does the skin age and how can skin aging be influenced?

Aging is in our genes

In fact, the aging process begins from the moment we are born. However, when you see the rosy, velvety soft baby skin, you don't even want to think about aging.

But by puberty at the latest, many of us have to deal more intensively for the first time with the changes that our protective shell is exposed to. The skin is thick and elastic, it appears vital and fresh because it can still store a lot of water. And it is wrinkle-free, even where it is in motion.

The top of the three skin layers renews itself on average every 27 days as new cells grow back from within. This cuticle or epidermis is no thicker than a tenth of a millimeter.

Underneath is the dermis. It contains sweat glands, scent glands and sebum glands. Its network of collagen fibers and elastin makes the skin stable and elastic and stores water. This structure of fiber proteins permeate the finest blood vessels and supply the dermis and epidermis with nutrients and oxygen. Underneath is the subcutaneous fatty tissue, which also stores water.

All three layers of skin change over time. Gradually, the collagen fibers and the elastic fibers of the skin decrease, which means that it can no longer store as much moisture and shrinks. This process ages the skin. It loses moisture and elasticity.

At the age of 40, the wrinkles that accompany facial expressions are firmly indented into the face. In addition, the number of blood vessels decreases. The supply of the skin deteriorates. It loses vitality. The older we get, the drier and thinner the skin becomes. She falls in and deep wrinkles form, especially around the mouth and eyes.

After 60 years, time has left unmistakable marks on the skin. The fat layer also becomes thinner with age. The cushion of the skin shrinks. In addition, the renewal of the epidermis now takes 60 to 70 days. Since it becomes horny from the outside, it gives us the parchment-like impression of old skin.

The thinner the skin, the more transparent it becomes. Veins make them appear irregular. The upper layers of the skin detach themselves from the subcutaneous fatty tissue and thereby continue to slacken. The pigmentation control no longer works properly either. The result: age spots appear.

Bad lifestyles make us look old sooner

We don't all age the same. On the one hand, this is due to our genes. But our lifestyle also has a decisive influence on how quickly our skin ages. A very unfavorable factor is smoking, which has a more negative effect on women than on men.

The toxins in the cigarette interfere with the estrogen level, which in women has a major impact on the skin. Since men need this hormone less, the consequences for them are less severe. In addition, men have about four times thicker skin than women. Alcohol is particularly bad for the skin when it is associated with smoking.

The sun is not the best friend of youthful skin either. A lot of sun allows the skin to age up to 80 percent faster. It also increases the build-up of pigment. Age spots can arise.

In addition to the problem that more free radicals are formed, the collagen fibers also suffer. The skin dries out extremely, loses its elasticity and the ability to store water. It's bad for the skin cells.

Sport, on the other hand, is healthy, also for the skin. It not only stimulates the metabolism. The jarring motion tightens the collagen fibers. The mechanics of movement tighten the skin of athletes. A sensible lifestyle is therefore more important than any anti-wrinkle cream.

Even intact collagen fibers need moisture that they can store. So don't forget to drink in order to compensate for the water loss in good time. The moisture can only be stored in the collagen fibers if there is sufficient water supply.

Tip: When we feel thirsty, we are usually missing half a liter to three quarters of a liter. Poor diets low in vitamins and trace elements, little sleep, stress and environmental pollution also have a negative effect on the skin.