What is OJ In LeetCode

audimax I.T 2_3 / 2018 - career magazine for IT people

11th year 2/3 - 2018 February - May 2018

At a glance

Labor market report 2018

Behind the scenes

Working in eCommerce

Coach the AI

Machine Learning & Co. job field


PULSE 2018

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Building global leaders


TOP TOPIC:

DIGITALIZATION -

JOBS FOR ITERS

Pages 30-37

CONTENT

WORKING WORLDS

30 digitization

Jobs ForIT people - from Big

Data to cloud computing

38 IT consulting

Come in and get started

40 Artificial Intelligence

From the status quo and

exciting AI projects

46 matchmaker

Ethical hackers

48 IT security

Jobs, perspectives, trends

52 E-Commerce

Quick knowledge of a

fast business

CAREER

08 Cafeteria talk

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Anette Weisbecker

from Fraunhofer IAO

in the interview

10 Labor Market Report

At a glance:

possibilities ForIT people

58 Welcome to Traineeland

Facts, perspectives and

Insights into career entry

as a trainee

62 dream employer

You voted: yours

favorite employer 2018

64 What is what? mobility

Jobs, skills and perspectives

not only For INGs

... AS ALWAYS

06 IT knowledge

56 career news

66 Study News

72 lives

77 puzzles & imprint

79 List of advertisers

82 Courage for the gap

Itchy

EDUCATION

68 Study Aid

Thesis: Topic

find and synopsis

write. That's how it's done.

70 International

Sandra pulls For a year

to the Dominican

republic

78 Master forum

Masters courses

in a short portrait

LIFE

28 hacked

Decorate yourself with

interesting knowledge

73 Leftover ramp

Knowledge snippets and

Kladderadatsch

74 Virtual Life

Erase and protect data.

Plus: VR erotic in the test

76 Want to have

Things and drinks For

Occasionally

TO CHAT

TWO

IT SPECIALIST:

"HOW IS THAT

WEATHER?"

"CAPS LOCK."

“LIKE, CAPS

LOCK? "

»SHIFT WITHOUT

END."

SCIENCE FICTION OR REALITY?

Through Artificial Intelligence (AI)

machines are getting smarter

and take on tasks that

so far only humans could. What

is still waiting for us in terms of AI and

what exciting AI projects there are

can be found on page 40. +++

It is also exciting to see how many jobs there are

digitization with

brings itself. From page

30 do you read how

the internet of

Things our lives

changed and what

you in the networked

Job world expected. +++

Some have great expectations

Graduates at their first job.

In the big job market report 2018

from page 10 you can now

read up what the job market For

IT people +++ What the virtual

Reality erotic market has to offer,

Editor Petra got more precise

watched. Like Petra the alleged one

Revolution of the adult film industry

judged, you can find out on page 75.

+++ Volunteer Julia is also in the

immersed in virtual world. she has

informed yourself how embarrassing you are

Party pictures and in youthful

Opinions spread recklessly

delete it from the Internet again

or at least hide it

(Page 74). +++ seems wiped out

sometimes the memory during

Exams - but you should

did not happen. Rather, wish

we will give you a good exam time and

nice semester break.

team

&

Photos: audimax MEDIA, © fotomek / Fotolia

| www.audimax.de - The job exchange For Academics |

03


R JoO 1337?

›1337‹ 57eH7 PhüR ›Leetspeak‹, 31N3 93h31MSpR4CH3

4u5 d3n 19803r-j4hR3n. d1E 5CHrE1bwe15e, Be1 DeR

BUCH574BEn by SIMILAR 4u55eHENdE 24HleN 0deR

50NDER2E1CHEN ER5E727 BECAUSE BEFORE 4ALL

1n THE H4XOR- AND 94m1n9-52ene BeRÜhm7 - C0Un7Er57R1ke

lÄ557 9RUSSEn. 4UCh 9o09le LÄ557 51CH 1n

13375PeeK 4n2E19EN: E1nf4CH UN7Er E1N57ElLuN9eN 4l5

5Select PR4cHe ›H4XOR‹.

OMG - du B157 N0Ch N1CH7 50 V3r7R4U7 m17 D3m

1337-c0d3? d4Nn V3R5uch D0cH m4L 1337.me - d3r

K0nv3R73r Ü83rs3727 2W31Spr4Ch19.

Text: Petra Herr


?

Are you Leet?

'1337' is written For ›Leetspeak‹, a secret language

from the 1980s. The notation in which

Letters with similar-looking numbers or

Special characters were replaced mainly in

famous in the hacking and gaming scene - Counterstrike

sends greetings. Google can also be used in

Show Leetspeak: simply under Settings as

Select language ›Hacker‹.

Oh my god - you're not that familiar with yet

the leet code? Then give 1337.me a try -

the converter translates in two languages.


HACK

ECK

CROSSBED THE HOTTEST

KNOWLEDGE FOR FRIENDS OF IT.

SCAN IT, READ IT, KNOW IT

PATENT RECIPE: OFF AND ON AGAIN

An engineer, a physicist and a programmer drive in a car.

Suddenly the car breaks down. Engineer: “Shit, that's it

definitely on the injection system, I'll take a look. "Physicist:" Oh

what, there is only one loose cable. «Programmer:» I don't think so. We climb

all off, then on again, and then it'll be fine. "

VIRUSES ON STIP VISIT

“The virus problem is only a temporary phenomenon

and will be gone in a few years. "

John McAfee, founder of McAfee in 1988

TOO LAZY FOR SECURITY

Every fourth German changes his or her

Passwords Statista and YouGov

according to never. Most of them face it

the high number of internet services

with a mandatory login

and just too exhausting, just to be on the safe side

to renew.

INTELLIGENT PARKING BENCH

The first high-tech bench loads

near Hanover to ›chill out. To chat.

Batches ‹a. One in the bank

integrated solar module feeds you

WiFi router with free

Internet access. Charge your mobile phone

is possible, too. Chill!

DRESS FOR SUCCESS -

THE HACKMAN ADVISES YOU

Your clothes affect how you do

feel you In addition: this one

Feeling carries over to yours too

Brain and how it works.

Called For you: The sweatpants

leave in the closet while studying,

because it suggests a feeling of

End of working day. About your productivity

to increase, you'd better yourself

dress like you are about to

leave for work - even if

you sit at your desk at home

stay.

ON CLOUD SEVEN

Two out of three companies in Germany continued in 2017

Cloud computing. Compared to 2016, the proportion of

Cloud users in companies increased by eleven percentage points.

The data network used can be an intranet or the

be public internet.

HELLO HOMEPAGE

On January 1, 1985, nordu.net became the first Internet address

registered in the world. Shortly thereafter

the first dotcom domain followed: symbolics.

com.

FIVE YEARS OF LIFE FOR POSTS,

LIKES AND COMMENTS

Social media users spend extrapolated to that

average lifetime over five years on social

Networks like Facebook and Instagram. Eating, on the other hand, lasts

only three and a half years.

LINUX: FREE AND FREAKY

Linus Torvalds originally wanted Linux to be Freax

name, a word creation from freak and

free. The X at the end should indicate the similarity

allude to the Unix operating system.

Text: Julia Wolf, Illustration: © monkik / Fotolia Audimax MEDIA

MUSIC ON DEMAND

44 percent of Internet users in Germany use the digital association

According to Bitkom, music streaming services like Spotify, Deezer and

Soundcloud. A good quarter of the streamers use the paid, ad-free ones

Deals.

SLIM CAMERA MODEL

US scientists are researching a camera principle

that works without a lens. The so-called

Flatcam is flatter than a credit card

and could be used in surveillance technology

and used in the Internet of Things.

DIGITAL FARMS

Used in Germany in 2016

every second farmer

and so-called contractors

›Smart Farming‹. The

means the farmers used

digital technologies in agriculture,

such as GPS-based

Agricultural machinery.

06 | www.audimax.de - The job exchange For Academics |


“That got me into my current job

The best HARIBO trainee program

prepared. It's great how you get here

is promoted. I would never have

dream when I was at the children's carnival

HARIBO sweets caught

have"

Oliver Schmitz

Junior programmer

Former Information technology trainee

Need authentic brands

real people

HARIBO is the world market leader in fruit gums and liquorice and

produces innovative products in the best quality at 16 locations in ten countries

Quality. Our more than 7,000 employees can be found in

our traditional company an environment in which they grow and

be able to be successful - professionally and personally.

Trainees benefit from our modular commercial and

technical entry-level programs and receive comprehensive insight into the

Processes of a major player in the food industry.

Discover an international employer at HARIBO

world-famous products that you can be proud of.

BECOME A HARIBOjan

Find out more and apply now:

www.haribo.com/trainee


CONCENTRATED

DIGITALIZATION

DIGITIZATION OF THE WORKING WORLD:

THE DEPUTY INSTITUTE S-

HEAD OF THE FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTE FOR

LABOR MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION

PROF. DR.-ING. ANETTE WEISBECKER

REPORTED FROM EVERYDAY RESEARCH

ON THE PULSE OF THE TIME

Interview: Petra Herr

Prof. Dr. Weisbecker, you've finished your studies

started straight into the private sector. What

got you back to research and how

did you end up at the ILO? I wanted on the one hand

just enjoy working with new technologies.

On the other hand, I also wanted to see how

these can be used directly in the company

can, in other words, establish the application reference

- both are with my current employer

possible. So I decided to go to Fraunhofer

ILO to go.

The IAO focuses on research

of digitization and its effects

on the organization of work. What will the

Production work 4.0 different? What is the

Use of information technology in any case

will change is the organization of work and

the workplace itself. We have at the institute

a Future Work Lab where we show how such

Changes can look like.

Can you give me an example? For the

We have the software to organize work

Kapa-flexCy developed it company

allows you to control your production capacities via the app

highly flexible with the direct participation of employees,

short-term and cross-company

to control. As for jobs,

let's explore, for example, how light is used in the workplace

depending on who works there

Person and the task to be performed

can be controlled. So can ergonomics

of the workplace better supported

become.

How can our readers enjoy the work in the research laboratory

Introduce Industry 4.0? In the future

Work Lab has three areas. For one thing

Demonstration center in which we company

show how jobs are

for example through the use of robots or augmented

Can change reality. The second

The area is competence development. There

we offer training in digital skills

to build up among employees. And in

third area is work organization in this

Environment explored.

»I really appreciate how

DIVERSIFIED

MY ACTIVITY IS. "

How does this kind of research work concretely?

out? An example would be the light workstation.

We've looked at how companies do the

Can improve lighting in your production

and so to a better well-being

and an optimal performance of your

Employees contribute. Our prototype one

Production workstation enables light color,

Direction of light and light distribution depending on

Time of day, task and person individually

adjust.

The human-technology interaction is great

Topic in digitization. An ILO claim is

>The human is the center of attention<. What's behind

this statement? The idea is to explore

like humans in their daily work

Technology can be supported. How can

Technology should be designed so that humans can use it

can really use it well? For example

user interfaces should be intuitive to use

be made. In the human-technology

We always start organization from people

from: What tasks does it have to fulfill?

What skills does he have and how can he do it

be appropriately supported by technology?

How must the organization be structured

so that people can do their jobs well

can?

In your eyes, how does a successful human

Robot collaboration? Different

Criteria to be observed: For

one of course the division of labor - who does

What. Because everyone has their skills: The

People are particularly good at creative tasks

well, the robot is particularly suitable

For Routine activities. Here it is important to find the appropriate one

To find division so that the robot

optimally supports people. Important

are also safety aspects: The trend is going

up-to-date on collaborative work, that is,

the robot does not work behind a severed one

Grids, but humans and robots

work together. The robot should do the

For example, don't hurt people, though

this accidentally reaches into the robot arm.

Illustrations and photo: © Marina Zlochin, Ramona Kaulitzki, undrey / Photo: lia Andre Bonn / Fotolia, Fraunhofer Institute For Labor Economics and Organization IAO

08 | www.audimax.de - The job exchange For Academics |


MENSAGE TALK PROF. DR. WEISBECKER

Prof. Dr.-Ing Anette Weisbecker started in the

free economy into professional life. In the end

brought her research spirit to the Fraunhofer

Institute For Labor economics and organization

ILO. In the cafeteria she ate during her

Preferably studying IT at the TU Darmstadt

Spaghetti with tomato sauce.

A specific research project on the topic

Human-robot collaboration at the IAO is Rococo.

What is this about exactly? Rococo wants to explore

like such collaborative workplaces in the

Assembly must be planned. The objective

is to be relatively flexible in assembly and

to be able to assemble different lot sizes.

The jobs have to be different

be designed. We try hereFor Procedures

For the planning of work organization

in such collaborative assembly environments

to develop. Ultimately, the goal is to get one

Guideline For Companies to create the one

install such an assembly environment at home

want. Work organization and qualification play a role here

and economy play a role.

»THE TEAMS AT THE IAO

ARE INTERDISCIPLINARY

OCCUPIED. THAT MEANS,

YOU MUST HAVE A COMMON

SPEAK SAME LANGUAGE,

IF YOU ARE TOGETHER

WORKING PROJECTS. «

An exciting approach. Another facet

of digital research is digital engineering

Lab. Exactly. This is where the product and its

Production brought to life before it becomes real

exist. Focus of the work in DE

Lab is the end-to-end digital process chain

from the idea For a new product up to

Planning its production and assembly. Also

it plays a role in production: the product

can easily be printed out using a 3D printer

become.

Is digitization the future of engineering?

In any case: the use of technology,

to completely digitize processes,

will play an enormous role in the future. n

DevelopmentChanCe

iT is also y / our Dna.

That is why she is attracted to joining Rheinmetall!

• design systems in the mDAX group

• Address core IT security issues

• Develop business processes with HANA and s / 4HANA

innovative, international, collaborative - that is the world of work

of the rheinmetall Group. We offer you opportunities and

exciting technologies. Join the rheinmetall team and

let's design topics that move people:

mobility and security. your interface:

www.rheinmetall.com/karriere

mobility. security. passion.


4

QUESTIONS REGARDING

YOUR FUTURE

1. SETTING

TENDENCIES AND

FOCAL POINTS

2. REQUIREMENTS

TO APPLICANTS

3. BENEFITS

4. TRAINING

POSSIBILITIES

WHO IS HIRING?

JOB LOCATION, TRENDS AND QUALIFICATIONS -

EXPERTS ANSWER THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

ALL ABOUT THE LABOR MARKET FOR COMPUTERS

Text: Viktoria Feifer

Job market For Computer scientist

has been very good over the past year

developed. IT specialists are

still highly sought-after specialists

and can go directly to

studying with very good

Career entry opportunities and

expect attractive salaries.

SALARY

That the wages of IT career starters are increasing

Developed positively in 2017 compared to the previous year

can Dr. Olaf Pätz, managing director

of the income portal gehaltsreporter.de

confirm: »In all industries that their processes

digitize on a large scale - for example

Insurance, banks, the automotive industry

as well as mechanical and plant engineering

in the area of ​​Industry 4.0 - we were able to achieve a plus

of more than three percent. «With

an annual gross of about

Young professionals earn 53,000 euros in the

Automotive, aerospace and the

Pharmaceutical and chemical industries

preferably. Knowledge of

the areas of IT security and artificial

Intelligence has a positive effect on the starting salary.

Young professionals earn comparatively little

in the media, healthcare

and in public service. Here is that

Gross annual salary For Beginners on average at

44,000 euros. All in all, all computer scientists,

in terms of salary, positive 2018

look: Pätz predicts For the development

in salaries further increases of

just over three percent.

UNEMPLOYMENT

Even when looking at the unemployment figures

IT specialists can take a deep breath: specialists

with a computer science profession are less common

unemployed than many other occupational groups. The

The number of unemployed IT workers was last year

continued to decline, says Claudia Suttner from the

Federal agency For Job. Recorded in 2017

those 8,100 unemployed registrations, two

Percent less compared to the previous year.

This means that the unemployment rate is below

three percent - For Software developer by the way

even below two percent - that is, close to that

Full employment. That will continue in the future

stay that way, because with the generally favorable

Economic forecast is another one

Decline in unemployment.

EMPLOYMENT RATE

The consideration of the social security

Employees confirmed the positive

Developments in the IT labor market:

In mid-2017 there were 253,000 academics

employed in IT professions. The number alone

of employed software developers and

Programmers rose eight percent in 2017

compared to the previous year. »The digital transformation

of all industries leads to the fact that

IT experts no longer just work in the classic

Illustrations: © Ramona Kaulitzki, undrey / Fotolia

10 | www.audimax.de - The job exchange For Academics |


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GLOBETROTTING

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TESTING

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BE YOURSELF.

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Information and communicationtechnology

(ICT), but increasingly also in

the so-called user industries, that is

for example in mechanical engineering and the automotive sector

as well as banks and insurance companies,

wanted «, knows Juliane Petrich,

Bitkom division manager For Educational policy

and labor market.

This is also confirmed by the latest Bitkom study

to the shortage of skilled workers. It revealed that 63

Percent of ICT companies larger than one size

of three employees and with at least

a software developer for an IT position

search. Application maintainer and

Administrators are also becoming more and more important

and are increasingly in demand.

Hence it is not

surprising that the experts given

the expected economic development For

2018 and increasing digitization

from a continued high demand for skilled workers

in the field of IT and ICT

Jobs go out.

TREND TOPICS

Sales and growth drivers are above

especially software houses and IT service providers,

which develop most dynamically and

create many new jobs, says Juliane Petrich

from the digital association Bitkom. You benefit

of the current trends: Big Data, Internet

of Things, Cloud Computing, Industry

4.0, Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain.

Especially against the background of the

increasing cyber attacks, which are also increasing

target companies specifically, be IT

Security is one of the most important trending topics.

Therefore, IT security experts in the

User industries more and more popular.

JOB LOCATION

However, companies are faced with the challenge of

enough young IT talent

Find. The demand for new employees

moves at the highest level. Also the

increasing annually since the turn of the millennium

Number of graduates of the computer science courses

can meet the increasing demand

IT specialists do not compensate. "Show it

there are still bottlenecks among software developers,

Programmers and application consultants «,

reports Claudia Suttner from the

Federal agency For Job. Only 2017 remained

According to a Bitkom study, 55,000 IT jobs

vacant. The number has been since 2013 (39,000) by the way

increased annually.

That also means that the number of vacancies

increases annually: In the course of the

In 2017, the Federal Agency recorded

For Work 23,000 new jobs - 22 percent

more than in 2016. It can also be assumed that

that only about every fourth digit For

Academics are reported, so Suttner. The

Most jobs are in the application support department

and For Administrators

as well as software developers. Big inquiries

exist of corporate headquarters, the

Trade and civil service. There

are some industries, such as the automotive industry,

more popular than others, Petrich knows:

“It will be attractive to many, to one

User companies to join and the

Digitization of banks, for example

or actively helping to shape insurance. "

That the need for qualified IT specialists

many companies not always without it

More can be covered, shows up

the long vacancy times: Due to the shortage of skilled workers

it is increasingly falling for companies

difficult to find suitable staff.

»Both the vacancy times of the IT experts

in software development as well as that of

Application advice has become a reality in 2017 in

Compared to the previous year again clearly

increased - to an average of 150 days, «knows

Claudia Suttner from the Federal Agency For

Job. Incidentally, it takes on the other

Page about two to three months to graduate IT

her first job after graduating in

have the bag. Since it is to be expected that

the IT skills shortage increases with increasing

Digitization will continue to escalate,

can be well-trained specialists in

usually between several attractive

Choose job offers.

Career entry

When looking for a job, it is advisable to

that IT graduates current market trends

follow. So you can better estimate

in which areas especially many

IT people to be sought. Definitely a shame too

not, already thinking outside the box during your studies

to look and gain practical experience,

says Juliane Petrich: »It is good, for example,

both the way of working in an established

Company as well as in a start-up

get to know. «In addition to the professional

Competence and practical experience, for example

through internships or study projects,

will be able to communicate and work in a team,

Creativity, project management and

Willingness for lifelong learning, by the way

perceived positively by employers.

Even with far-away hobbies and interests

applicants could choose from software and IT

stand out from the crowd, believes Petrich.

The most important thing is that applicants

do not adjust.

OUTLOOK

The IT departments of all companies will be

through new ones in the next few years

Keep changing technologies and processes.

Hence, IT graduates need to focus on

a dynamic and fast-paced world of work

to adjust. “That'll be a big topic

Virtualization of the systems, but also

Big Data and Cloud Computing «, believes

Juliane Petrich. Also will be

Energy efficiency and IT monitoring one

to play an important role. n

12 | www.audimax.de - The job exchange For Academics |


WE

NEED

If you want to move the future, you will

Part of our software development center.

www.volkswagen-karriere.de.

Working at Volkswagen.

YOUR

SPEED!


THE SPECIALISTS

FIRST-HAND INFO: HUMAN RESOURCES SELECTED

COMPANIES TELL YOU WHAT THEY ARE FROM

WANT TO APPLY. MAY WE PRESENT? OUR EXPERTS

ALEXANDRA MARKSTEINER

TEAM LEADER RECRUITING AND

PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT, AVM

MARTINA BROCBALS

HEAD OF EMPLOYER

BRANDING, BARMER

DR. RAINER LECHT

HEAD OF IT GERMANY,

BOEHRINGER INGELHEIM

JAN BAUDISCH

HEAD OF BUSINESS UNIT IT,

FERCHAU

CORNELIA EBERHARD

MANAGING CONSULTANT CENTRAL

UNIVERSITY MARKETING &

RECRUITING, NTT DATA

UTE NEARER

HR MARKETING LEAD GERMANY,

GERMAN TELECOM

ANNE-KATRIN SCHLENKER

HR BUSINESS PARTNER,

CENIT

TOBIAS FRANKE

HR MANAGER,

MID

CHRISTIAN SCHLICHTENMAYER

HEAD OF RECRUITING CENTER

GERMANY, SCHAEFFLER

ANKE GAUL

HEAD OF THE HUMAN RESOURCES DEPARTMENT

WINNING AND DEVELOPMENT, BSI

ANNA NIEBIUS

RECRUITING AND OPERATIONS LEAD,

IBM CLIENT INNOVATION

CENTER GERMANY

BERND SCHLÜTER

MANAGING DIRECTOR,

QAWARE

NICOLE NEVES

RECRUITER FOR THE AREA

ENGINEERING, TELEMOTIVE

SABINA UFFERHEIDE

EMPLOYER BRANDING AND HUMAN

RESOURCES, DRÄGERWERK

SIEGFRIED BAUER

HEAD OF HR MARKETING,

RECRUITING & SOURCING, MSG

KATHARINA LANDES

PARTNER HUMAN RESOURCES,

SENACOR

STEPHANIE RADENZ

HR MANAGER,

FEDERAL PRINTING

ALISHA NEUNER

HR SPECIALIST RECRUITMENT,

JAMBIT

KRISTIN VOIGT

HEAD OF RECRUITING &

HR MARKETING, REHAU

TINA HASPER-VANDREY

HEAD OF HR, GROUP IT,

VOLKSWAGEN

ANJA KÜHNEL

HUMAN RESOURCES,

GERMAN CREDIT BANK

THOMAS GEILHARDT

PERSONNEL MANAGER,

N-ERGIE

MICHAEL SCHULTE TO BRINKE

HEAD OF IT CHANGE

MANAGEMENT, TALANX

Photos: private, Michael Setzpfandt, MICHAEL-KLEINESPEL, marcelundfranziska.de, Sabine Jakobs, www.gutschera-osthoff.com, Wolfram Scheible, www.matthiashecht.de, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG

DOROTHEE SHARP

TEAM LEAD RECRUITING,

SOPRA STERIA CONSULTING

MONIKA PLUCINSKI

RECRUITING & EMPLOYER

BRANDING, ACANDO

14 | www.audimax.de - The job exchange For Academics |


Achieve top performance - achieve goals

HEIDENHAIN has been at the

significant developments in production metrology

significantly involved. More than 40 years ago

the group of companies became a non-profit

Foundation brought in. Their main goal is

long-term, financially independent continuation of the

Company.

This is why HEIDENHAIN is reinvesting large parts of the

Income in:

+ Research and development

+ unique manufacturing processes

+ Capacity expansion, especially in Germany