Who researches in creative collaboration


9 February 2021

1 Funding objective, funding purpose, legal basis

1.1 Funding objective and funding purpose

The main societal challenges of the present include securing global food, a sustainable supply of raw materials and energy, protecting the climate and the environment, and maintaining biological diversity. With the National Bioeconomy Strategy announced in January 2020, the Federal Government is pursuing the change from an economy based largely on fossil fuels to a more resource-efficient and circular economy based on more renewable resources, and is taking responsibility for sustainable development that offers solutions to these challenges. The guidelines and goals of the bioeconomy strategy are based on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations Agenda 2030. The bioeconomy plays a prominent role for the SDGs; it is of direct relevance to a large number of the goals.

In the definition of the Federal Government, the bioeconomy comprises the generation, development and use of biological resources, processes and systems in order to provide products, procedures and services in all economic sectors within the framework of a sustainable economic system. It is about the use of biological knowledge and biogenic resources in the service of sustainability. Research plays a central role in this. Bioeconomic innovations that combine biological knowledge and new, advanced technologies should enable sustainable economic activity in the future. If the bioeconomy is to fulfill the hopes placed in it, companies are needed that drive the realization of the bioeconomy. The past has shown that, in particular, a change of perspective and innovative thinking through novel combinations of disciplines such as biology with technical construction, information or process technology have achieved great achievements for our society. The next generation plays an important role, as they have the prerequisites to internalize the bioeconomy approach, combine knowledge and dare to venture new ways.

For many years, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) has supported the qualification of young people for the bioeconomy as part of project funding, both for an academic career and for successful career paths in business. The promotion of young scientists and entrepreneurs is linked to the sustainability agenda anchored in the bioeconomy strategy through the BMBF concept “Promotion of young talent for a sustainable bioeconomy” (see https://www.bmbf.de/bioökonomie). In doing so, the BMBF has made sustainability a central criterion for promoting young talent in the bioeconomy.

The aim of the new funding initiative “Creative young people researching for the bioeconomy” is to use the young scientists to identify new fields of application and innovative applications for the bioeconomy in which the sustainability concept is strictly considered from the start. The aim is to generate new synergies between the creative young generation and established scientists in order to offer the young research groups support and strengthening in the event of expected organizational and thematic challenges. In addition, the aim is to train and qualify young researchers in the field of bioeconomy.

The purpose of the new funding initiative is to offer young scientists from the natural, information technology and engineering sciences a reliable and attractive environment to deal intensively with topics of the bioeconomy and to gain further qualifications with independent and ambitious research work. Daring research spirit and novel, open and creative thinking of young, talented junior scientists should be supported and used for new, innovative and high-risk research approaches in the sense of a sustainable bioeconomy. In addition, the funding measure also supports the return of young researchers who have previously worked abroad, as well as young foreign researchers. With this funding, they are offered good career opportunities in Germany as a research and industrial location.

1.2 Legal bases

The federal government grants the grants in accordance with this guideline, §§ 23 and 44 of the Federal Budget Code (BHO) and the related administrative regulations as well as the "Guidelines for grant applications on an expenditure basis (AZA)" and the "Guidelines for grant applications on the basis of costs (AZK) "Of the BMBF. There is no entitlement to the grant. Rather, the granting authority decides on the basis of its due discretion within the framework of the available budget.

According to this funding guideline, state aid is granted on the basis of Article 25 and Article 28 of the General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER) of the EU Commission.1 Funding takes place in compliance with the joint provisions set out in Chapter I GBER, in particular taking into account the definitions of terms listed in Article 2 of the regulation (cf.

This funding guideline applies in conjunction with the “National Bioeconomy Strategy” (https: / / www.bmbf.de/ bioökonomie).

2 Subject of funding

Research, development and innovation projects (R & D & I projects) are funded by junior research groups from the natural, information technology and engineering sciences at universities, non-university research institutions and commercial companies. The composition of the junior research groups results from the respective topic. Social, political and / or economic scientists can be integrated into the group if necessary.

The funding aims to promote the change to a bioeconomy through new achievements in know-how, processes, technology or software (KI2 supported) pioneering catalyze; it is open to topics and technologies. The research work should be in the area of ​​application-oriented basic research with reference to industrial implementation and provide new impulses for solving various challenges of the sustainable bioeconomy. Examples of topics for this are:

  • Development of innovations and pioneering research approaches on the way to the transformation from a petroleum-based to a bio-based economy
  • Development of innovative bio-based products for the bioeconomy
  • Efficient use of biomass for energetic or material purposes, taking into account the challenges of maintaining ecosystem services and food security
  • Improvement of a link or several links in a value chain, particularly with regard to sustainability aspects
  • Development of new tools and methods for the identification of adjusting screws for the realization of a sustainable bioeconomy in terms of climate protection
  • Development of cycle-supporting models and approaches for a bio-based circular economy

The approaches pursued in the project must be clearly oriented towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and take them up so that the bioeconomy makes a significant contribution to achieving the goals. It is of direct relevance for a large number of the goals. The following SDGs in particular play a key role for this funding guideline:

  • Secure nutrition (SDG 2)
  • Clean water (SDG 6)
  • Affordable and Clean Energy (SDG 7)
  • Promote sustainable industrialization and support innovations (SDG 9)
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12)
  • Climate protection measures (SDG 13)
  • Life under water (SDG 14)
  • Life on Land (SDG 15)

Ambitious projects are funded whose thematic suitability and scientific relevance lead to the expectation that they will provide impetus for research and the design of a bioeconomy as well as for the further scientific or entrepreneurial careers of the junior research group members.

3 beneficiaries

Universities, non-university research and scientific institutions, state and federal institutions with research tasks as well as commercial companies, including in particular small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), are eligible to apply. At the time of the payment of a granted grant, the existence of a permanent establishment or branch (company) or other facility that serves the non-economic activity of the grant recipient (universities, non-university research and scientific institutions) is required in Germany.

For the purposes of this funding guideline, SMEs are companies that meet the requirements of the EU's SME definition.3 The applicant declares his / her classification in accordance with Annex I of the GBER to the licensing authority in the context of the written application.

For the conditions of when state aid is / is not available and to what extent aid-free funding can be provided, see the R & D & I Union Framework.4

Research institutions that are funded by the federal government and / or the federal states can, in addition to their institutional funding, only be granted project funding for their additional project-related expenses or costs under certain conditions.

4 Special funding requirements

The prerequisites for a grant are:

  • As a rule, the date of the doctoral examination of the junior research group leader should be at least two years, but not more than four years, when the sketch was submitted.
  • The institution (university, non-university research institution, commercial enterprise) at which the junior research group will work guarantees the working conditions required to carry out the project, supports the junior management in all matters and ensures that the group can carry out its scientific work independently . In order to underline the independence of the junior research group, it is recommended not to relocate it to the university where the junior research group leader did his doctorate.
  • Each junior research group leader must be accompanied by at least one established scientist as a mentor in order to expand the leadership's competencies with empirical values. This is intended to support the junior research group leadership in the organization of the working group and in joining existing networks, as well as to provide scientific advice. The aim is to clearly promote the sovereignty of the junior research group. The mentorships do not have to be based at the same university, research institution or the same company as the promoted junior research group.
  • In the case of external doctoral projects by junior research groups at companies, the cooperation with the university entitled to award doctorates must be designed in such a way that the academic support achieves the same quality as the dissertations of doctoral students with a direct connection to the university.
  • Funding cannot be applied for by the project management team if it has already made use of or has used a comparable promotion of young researchers from a national research institution, from federal and state programs or from an international institution based in Germany.
  • The sponsored junior research groups are expected to take part in annual status meetings.
  • The BMBF's promotion of young talent for the bioeconomy is also evaluated in order to continuously develop the measures. The sponsored junior research groups are expected to participate by providing information and supporting evaluations.
  • In the exceptional case of a joint project, the partners regulate their cooperation in a written cooperation agreement. All partners in the association, including those that are research institutions within the meaning of Article 2 (number 83) GBER, ensure that no indirect (indirect) aid is granted to companies within the framework of the association. To this end, the provisions of number 2.2 of the R & D & I Union Framework must be observed. Before the funding decision on a joint project, a basic agreement on further criteria specified by the BMBF must be proven (see BMBF form No. 0110, reference: https://foerderportal.bund.de/easy/easy_index.php?wahl=easy_formulare, Department BMBF, general forms and templates for reports).

5 Type, scope and amount of the donation

The grants are granted by way of project funding as non-repayable grants.

As a rule, R & D & I projects are funded as individual projects or, in exceptional cases, joint projects for up to five years. The equipment of a junior research group should be based on the following key points:

  • Grant of up to 3 million euros / project; including project flat rate at university research institutions;

In justified exceptional cases, it is also possible to fund joint projects (open internationally; applicants from abroad must, however, organize their own funding). The approach of up to 3 million euros then applies to the German partners of the entire network.

  • R & D & I project of a junior research group (personnel, investments, consumables, travel and orders, other direct expenses / costs);
    • The size of the junior research group should include at least four people (up to three PostDocs [including group leaders], up to three doctoral students, up to one technical employee).
    • Scientific assistants can, to a limited extent, be considered for routine tasks under scientific supervision.
    • A limited amount of funds can be earmarked for trips by mentors related to the junior research group.
  • Participation in further and personal development measures, for example with regard to spin-offs or IP security;
  • Knowledge transfer activities;
    • It is explicitly desired that the junior research group integrates itself into existing networks in its area of ​​responsibility and builds up its own network by, for example, organizing symposia.
    • In order to support international cooperation, there is the possibility of two up to six-month guest stays (fellowships) for international scientists in the junior research group.
    • Funding can be applied for for activities that facilitate exchange and networking with other scientists who are researching within the framework of the concept of “promoting young researchers for a sustainable bioeconomy”.

In the fifth year of the project, the results will be assessed with regard to their transfer to application and economic connectivity. If the results are promising, the project can be topped up by up to a year in the amount of up to 100,000 euros in order to sound out the application and technology potential as concretely as possible and to establish cooperation in the sense of transferring the results.

The assessment basis for grants to universities, research and scientific institutions and comparable institutions that do not fall under the scope of economic activities are the eligible project-related expenses (for Helmholtz Centers and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the eligible project-related costs), which, taking into account the legal aid Individual requirements can be funded up to 100%.

In the case of non-economic research projects at universities, a project lump sum of 20% is granted in addition to the eligible expenses financed by the BMBF.

Assessment basis for grants to companies in the commercial sector and for projects by research institutions that are in the field of economic activities5 are the eligible project-related costs. These can be financed on a pro-rata basis, taking into account the requirements under state aid law (see attachment). According to BMBF principles, an appropriate contribution to the eligible costs is required.

The eligible expenses / costs are based on the "Guidelines for grant applications on an expenditure basis (AZA)" and / or the "Guidelines for grant applications on a cost basis (AZK)" of the BMBF.

The provisions of the GBER must be taken into account when determining the costs eligible for funding and measuring the respective funding rate (see annex).

6 Other grant provisions

The “Ancillary provisions for cost-based grants from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research to commercial companies for research and development projects” (NKBF 2017) are a fundamental part of a cost-based grant notification.

The "Ancillary provisions for grants based on expenditure of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research for project funding" (NABF) and the "Special ancillary provisions for the retrieval of grants in the indirect retrieval procedure in the business area of ​​the Federal Ministry of Education and Research" (BNBest -indirect retrieval-BMBF), provided that the funding is made available in the so-called retrieval process.

In order to carry out success controls within the meaning of administrative regulation number 11a to § 44 BHO, the grant recipients are obliged to provide the BMBF or the institutions commissioned with the data necessary for success control in a timely manner. The information is used exclusively in the context of accompanying research and any subsequent evaluation, treated confidentially and published anonymously so that it is not possible to draw conclusions about individual persons or organizations.

If the grant recipient publishes the results of the research project as a contribution in a scientific journal, this should be done in such a way that the public can access the contribution electronically free of charge (open access). This can be done by publishing the article in an electronic journal that is accessible to the public free of charge. If the contribution does not initially appear in a journal that is electronically accessible to the public free of charge, the contribution should be made electronically available to the public free of charge (secondary publication) - if necessary after a reasonable period (embargo period) has expired. In the case of secondary publication, the embargo period should not exceed twelve months. The BMBF expressly welcomes the open access secondary publication of scientific monographs resulting from the project.

7 procedures

7.1 Involvement of a project sponsor, application documents, other documents and use of the electronic application system

The BMBF has currently commissioned the following project sponsors to handle the funding measure:

Project management company Jülich
Bioeconomy division
Research Center Jülich GmbH
P.O. Box 61 02 47
10923 Berlin

Contact person is

Dr. Eva Graf
Phone: 0 30/2 01 99-31 22
Email: [email protected]
Internet: http://www.ptj.de

If there are any changes, this will be announced in the Federal Gazette or in another suitable manner.

Funding applications, guidelines, leaflets, information and ancillary provisions can be accessed on the Internet in the BMBF's form cabinet at https://foerderportal.bund.de/easy/easy_index.php?wahl=easy_formulare&formularkammer=bmbf or requested directly from the project sponsor.

The electronic application system "easy-Online" (https: / / foerderportal.bund.de/ easyonline) must be used to create project outlines and formal funding applications.

Submitted sketches and formal funding applications should be drafted in such a way that an assessment based on the criteria listed below (see number 7.2.1) is possible.

7.2 Selection and decision-making process

The application process is designed in two stages. There are three selection rounds foreseen.

7.2.1 Submission and selection of project outlines

In the first stage of the procedure, project outlines must first be sent to the Jülich project management agency in electronic form (MS Word or PDF file).

The electronic submission deadline for project outlines for the first selection round is 1July 5, 2021.

The submission deadlines for the following two selection rounds apply July 15, 2022 and July 15, 2023.

The submission deadline is not considered a deadline. However, project outlines received after the date specified above may no longer be considered.

The project outlines are submitted by the potential junior research group leaders and must be made in A4, Font Arial, font size 10 pt with a line spacing of 1.5. The following binding structure applies:

  • Summary of the research approach and description of the work and the benefits of the project for a future bio-based and resource-saving economy (three pages)
  • Presentation of the degree of innovation or the creativity factor, comparison to the "state of the art" (two pages)
  • Preliminary work (one page)
  • Contribution of the project goals to the implementation of the National Bioeconomy Strategy and the sustainability goals (maximum one page)
  • Composition of the junior research group and synergy with mentor (maximum of 2 pages)
  • Approaches to the planned transfer of knowledge (maximum one page)
  • Tabular financing plan or preliminary calculation (for universities including the project flat rate)
  • For the exceptional case of a joint project: Presentation of the requirements and the added value of the joint constellation with unique selling points compared to the individual project (one page)
  • Investments:
    • CV (s) of known person (s): The curriculum vitae should show the professional qualifications and provide information about the ability to lead a junior research group. A copy of the doctoral certificate of the planned junior group leader must be enclosed.
    • Explanation by the mentor of how the junior research group should be supported scientifically, administratively and network-wise.
    • Declaration by the host institution / company that the junior research group can use the existing administrative structure for the administrative and financial processing of the project. It must also be explained that the junior research group will be provided with the premises and existing basic equipment and that the junior research group will be able to do a doctorate or habilitation in the project and, if necessary, also receive support in the case of a spin-off.

Selection step 1: The submitted project proposals are in competition with each other. The project outlines are evaluated with the help of external expertise. Criteria for the evaluation of the outlined research projects are in particular:

  • Appropriateness and relevance of the contribution to the achievement of the goals of the funding measure as well as the overarching "National Bioeconomy Strategy" with particular reference to the sustainability goals,
  • Degree of innovation and creativity as a catalyst for a future bio-based and resource-saving economy,
  • scientific originality and excellence of the project proposal,
  • Structure and feasibility of the outlined work project, among other things, based on the team's expertise (list of the junior research group and synergy with mentor),
  • Adequacy of financial planning.

Selection step 2: The proposals evaluated positively in selection step 1 are invited to a presentation of the project. The applicants present their project idea personally to a panel of experts. On the basis of the evaluation of the project outline and the presentation, the projects suitable for funding are selected by the BMBF. Applicants will be informed of the selection result in writing.

The project outline submitted as part of this procedural stage and any other documents submitted will not be returned.

7.2.2 Submission of formal funding applications and decision-making procedures

In the second stage of the procedure, those interested, whose project outlines have been rated as a priority, are asked to prepare a formal funding application for the final examination and funding decision in coordination with the receiving institution and to submit it to the university, research institution or company at the / to which the junior research group is to be established.

The following information supplementing the project outline must be enclosed with the formal funding applications; If necessary, comments and recommendations from the assessment must be taken into account:

  • detailed work and resource plan (including a precise description of the planned work packages and the associated human and material resources)
  • Milestone planning (list of the desired [interim] results and, if necessary, indication of termination criteria)
  • detailed financing plan along the AZA (P) / AZK system
  • Exploitation plan (evaluation of the scientific relevance and connectivity as well as the practical benefit)

The formal funding applications are to be created using the electronic application system "easy-Online" (taking into account the requirements specified in the annex) (https: / / foerderportal.bund.de/ easyonline). The electronically generated forms must also be signed and submitted to the commissioned project management agency by post. Submission by email or fax is not possible.

A complete application for funding is only available if at least the requirements according to Article 6 Paragraph 2 GBER (see annex) are met.

In the case of joint projects, the funding applications must be submitted in consultation with the planned joint coordinator.

The applications received are checked according to the following criteria:

  • Appropriateness and necessity of the individual positions in the financing plan
  • Implementation of any requirements
  • Quality and informative value of the recovery plan

In accordance with the criteria and evaluation given above, a decision on funding will be made after the final application review.

7.3 Regulations to be observed

Sections 48 to 49a of the Administrative Procedure Act, Sections 23, 44 BHO and the General administrative regulations issued for this purpose, unless deviations from the general administrative regulations have been permitted in these funding guidelines. The Federal Audit Office is entitled to audit in accordance with Section 91 BHO.

8 period of validity

These funding guidelines come into force on the day after their publication in the Federal Gazette. The duration of this funding guideline is limited to the date of expiry of its state aid basis, the GBER, plus an adjustment period of six months, i.e. until June 30, 2024. Should the application of the GBER be extended without any relevant changes to the content of the subsidy scheme, the duration of this funding guideline will be extended accordingly, but not beyond December 31, 2030. Should the GBER not be extended and replaced by a new GBER, or should relevant changes to the content of the current GBER be made, a follow-up funding guideline corresponding to the exemption provisions then applicable will come into force by at least December 31, 2030.

Berlin, February 9, 2021

Federal Ministry
for education and research

On behalf
Andrea Noske


The following state aid requirements apply to this funding guideline:

1 General funding requirements

The lawfulness of the aid is only given if, in accordance with Article 3 GBER, all the requirements of Chapter I GBER and the conditions of Chapter III applicable to the specific group of aid are met. It should be noted that, according to the case law of the European courts, the national courts are obliged to order a recovery if state aid has been granted unlawfully.

State aid based on the GBER will not be granted if there is a reason for exclusion under Article 1 Paragraphs 2 to 5 GBER. This applies in particular if the company has not complied with a recovery order due to an earlier decision by the Commission to determine the inadmissibility of aid and its incompatibility with the internal market.

The same applies to the granting of aid to companies in difficulty as defined in Article 2, Paragraph 18 of the GBER. Only companies that were not already in difficulty as of December 31, 2019, but became or will become companies in difficulty in the period from January 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021 according to Article 1 paragraph 4 letter a GBER, are exempt from this ban .

This announcement only applies in connection with aid that has an incentive effect according to Article 6 GBER. The aid application required in this context must contain at least the following information:

  1. Name and size of the company,
  2. Description of the project with details of the beginning and the end, location of the project,
  3. the cost of the project, as well
  4. the type of aid (e.g. grant, loan, guarantee, repayable advance or capital injection) and the amount of public funding required for the project.

With the application for funding under these funding guidelines, the applicant declares that they are ready:

  • To assist in compliance with the requirements of state aid law.
  • For submitting the requested information and / or supporting documents to prove creditworthiness and compliance with state aid law.
  • To participate in proceedings (at) the European Commission.6

The grant recipient further agrees that:

  • the BMBF will keep all documents on subsidies granted, which prove compliance with the requirements mentioned here, for ten years after the subsidy has been granted and will hand them over to the European Commission on request;
  • the BMBF publishes grants of over 500,000 euros on the EU Commission's transparency database7.

Within the framework of this funding guideline, state aid is granted in the form of grants in accordance with Article 5 Paragraph 1 and 2 GBER.

The GBER limits the granting of state aid for economic activities in the following areas to the following maximum amounts:

  • 40 million euros per project for basic research (Article 4 (1) (i) (i) GBER)
  • 20 million euros per project for industrial research (Article 4 (1) (i) (ii) GBER)
  • 5 million euros per company and project for innovation aid for SMEs (Article 4 Paragraph 1 Letter l GBER).

When checking whether these maximum amounts (registration thresholds) have been complied with, the cumulation rules according to Article 8 GBER must be observed. The maximum amounts must not be circumvented by artificially splitting up related projects. Partial approval up to the notification threshold for a notifiable aid is not permitted.

2 Scope / amount of the donations

The following provisions of the GBER apply to these funding guidelines, in particular with regard to eligible costs and aid intensities. The eligible costs and aid intensities listed below specify the maximum framework within which the granting of eligible costs and funding quotas for projects with economic activity can take place.

Article 25 GBER - Aid for research and development projects

The funded part of the research project must be fully assigned to one or more of the following categories:

  1. Basic research
  2. industrial research

(see Article 25 Paragraph 2 GBER; terms according to Article 2 No. 84 f. GBER).

For the classification of research work into the categories of basic research, industrial research and experimental development, please refer to the relevant information in paragraph 75 and footnote 2 of the R & D & I Framework.

The eligible costs of the respective research and development project are to be allocated to the relevant research and development categories.

Eligible costs are:

  • Personnel costs: costs for researchers, technicians and other personnel, insofar as these are used for the project (Article 25 paragraph 3 letter a GBER)
  • Costs for instruments and equipment, insofar as and for as long as they are used for the project. If these instruments and equipment are not used for the project during their entire service life, only the impairment determined in accordance with the principles of proper accounting during the duration of the project is considered to be eligible for aid (Article 25 (3) (b) GBER)
  • Costs for contract research, knowledge and for patents acquired directly or under license from third parties in compliance with the arm’s length principle, as well as costs for advice and equivalent services that are used exclusively for the project (Article 25 paragraph 3 letter d GBER)

Additional overheads and other operating costs (including for material, supplies and the like) that arise directly from the project (Article 25 (3) (e) GBER)

The aid intensity per aid recipient may not exceed the following rates in accordance with Article 25 (5) GBER:

  • 100% of the eligible costs for basic research (Article 25 (5) (a) GBER)
  • 50% of the eligible costs for industrial research (Article 25 (5) (b) GBER)

The aid intensities for industrial research can be increased to a maximum of 80% of the eligible costs, provided that the conditions set out in Article 25 (6) GBER are met:

  • by 10% for medium-sized companies and by 20% for small companies;
  • by 15% if one of the following conditions is met:
  1. the project involves effective collaboration between a company and one or more research and knowledge dissemination organizations that bear at least 10% of the eligible costs and have the right to publish their own research results;
  2. the results of the project are widely disseminated through conferences, publications, open access repositories or through royalty-free software or open source software.

Article 28 GBER - Innovation aid for SMEs

Eligible costs are:

  • Costs of obtaining, validating and defending patents and other intangible assets;
  • Costs of seconding highly qualified staff from a research and knowledge dissemination organization or from a large company to research, development or innovation activities in a newly created role within the beneficiary SME without replacing other staff;
  • Costs for innovation advisory services and innovation support services.

The aid intensity cannot exceed 50% of the eligible costs.

In the specific case of aid for innovation advisory services and innovation support services, the aid intensity can be increased up to 100% of the eligible costs, provided that the total amount of aid for innovation advisory services and innovation support services does not exceed EUR 200,000 per company within three years.

The eligible costs must be substantiated in accordance with Article 7 Paragraph 1 GBER by means of written documents that must be clear, specific and up-to-date.

For the calculation of the aid intensity and the eligible costs, the amounts before deduction of taxes and other charges are used.

3 accumulation

When complying with the maximum allowable aid intensity, the cumulation rules in Article 8 GBER must be observed. The accumulation of several grants for the same eligible costs / expenses is only permitted under the following rules or exceptions:

If Union funds that are centrally managed by Union bodies and are not directly or indirectly under the control of the Member States and therefore do not constitute state aid are combined with state aid (including, among other things, funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds) in determining whether the notification thresholds and maximum aid intensities or amounts have been complied with, only State aid shall be taken into account, provided that the total amount of public funds granted for the same eligible costs (including centrally managed Union funds) does not exceed the most favorable financing rate set out in the relevant provisions of Union law .

Aid exempted under the GBER, for which the eligible costs can be determined, can be cumulated with

  1. other State aid, provided that these measures concern different identifiable eligible costs;
  2. other State aid for the same eligible costs partially or fully overlapping each other, but only if this cumulation does not exceed the maximum aid intensity or amount applicable to such aid under this Regulation.

Aid for which the eligible costs cannot be determined may be cumulated with other State aid for which the eligible costs cannot be determined, up to the relevant upper limit for the total financing, which is applicable in the individual case is stipulated in the GBER or in a decision of the European Commission.

State aid exempted under the GBER may not be cumulated with de minimis aid for the same eligible costs if this cumulation exceeds the aid intensities or maximum aid amounts set out in Chapter III GBER.

1 - Commission Regulation (EU) No. 651/2014 of 17 June 2014 establishing the compatibility of certain categories of aid with the internal market in application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (OJ L 187 of June 26, 2014, p. 1), as amended by Regulation (EU) 2017/1084 of June 14, 2017, (OJ L 156 of June 20, 2017, p. 1) and Regulation (EU) 2020 / 972 of July 2, 2020 amending Regulation (EU) No. 1407/2013 with regard to its extension and amending Regulation (EU) No. 651/2014 with regard to its extension and relevant adjustments (OJ L 215, 7.7. 2020, p. 3).

2 - AI = Artificial Intelligence

3 - See Annex I of the GBER or Commission recommendation of 6 May 2003 regarding the definition of micro-enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises, announced under file number K (2003) 1422 (2003/361 / EG)) (OJ . L 124 of May 20, 2003, p. 36): [http: / / eur-lex.europa.eu/ legal-content / DE / TXT / PDF /? Uri = CELEX: 32003H0361 & from = DE].

4 - Communication of the EU Commission (2014 / C 198/01) of June 27, 2014 (OJ C 198 of June 27, 2014, p. 1) in the version of the Communication of the EU Commission C (2020) 4355 final of 2 July 2020 (OJ C 224 of 8 July 2020, p. 2) in particular number 2.

5 - For the definition of economic activity, see notes in number 2 of the EU Commission's communication on the concept of state aid (OJ C 262 of 19.7.2016, p. 1) and number 2 of the R & D & I Union Framework.

6 - For example, as part of a case-by-case review in accordance with Article 12 of the GBER by the European Commission.

7 - (The EU Commission's transparency database can be accessed at https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/competition/transparency/public?lang=de). The information required by Annex III of Regulation (EU) No. 651/2014 of the Commission of June 17, 2014 is decisive for this publication. These include the name or company of the beneficiary and the amount of the aid.