Is god a dark matter

6.1 The eternal light and rays of the sun

This text was created as part of my habilitation work on heaven as the home of the soul, i.e. ecstasy techniques of the Gnostic movements and especially the Zostrianos from Nag Hammadi. It is published here as a single item and is subject to copyright. Guttenberg's copying measures will be punished.

Dr. Dr. Michael Lütge - October 2007

6 God as light and astrophysics

The light is the opposite pole of the darkness. Both belong together as the basis of the cosmos like matter and antimatter, electron and proton. Since the myths of the Churrites, the cosmologies of the Zoroastrians, pre-Socratics and Gnostics have repeatedly emphasized this contrast: The weather god Teschub is depicted in temples in Arrapkha and Haleb in a chariot drawn by the bulls Seris and Huris (day and night). This influenced together with Zarathuštra the light-night cycle of Hesiod and Parmenides. Parmenides did than the magician Ostanes Visited and proselytized Greece after the Xerxes campaign, learned from the Zarathuštric doctrine. Zarathustras Contrast of light, truth, fire versus night, deception and delusion is also for Parmenides become decisive. Empedocles expands this dualism to a cycle of separations and reunions of the elements in which everything is mixed up with fire, air, water and earth. Its basic elements occur in young stars: gas clouds that burn hydrogen and helium and eject dust that accumulates to form orbital rocky planets. Both Orphics night chaos is the origin of the world. And indeed the big bang has spread irregularly into space, and the energy / mass distribution is subject to the chaos principle. Anaximanders The main contrast was also light and night. Heraclitus saw as the beginning and end of all the world the fire igniting and dying out according to measure, tÕ pàr, from the as purˆ tropa ..., Changes in fire, water emerges and everything else from it. The soul, too, is an evaporation of the fire. This story of the fire that flared up and burned up to measure reveals every single star with its outbreak into a supernova and its gradual fade into a white dwarf. The Essenes, the Johannine circle and large parts of the Gnosis see the dualism light - darkness as a central world principle.

So from the reflection of the earth's rotation and its effect of the temporary feeling of a region in the sunbeam field and then again in the shadow of the rotating globe, from this contrast between day and night, a model of light and darkness has formed in religion, which has deepest correspondences the basic structure of the cosmos, which also consists of matter and antimatter and in which polar relationships such as the positive and negative charge of a particle form essential structures.

The energy-releasing matter of the sun, which emits light almost forever, has its counterpart in the cosmos: the black holes of antimatter, which absorb all accessible matter and all light waves due to their enormous mass density and gravitation. And next to it dark matter of unknown quantity. The contrast between light and darkness can only be explained superficially with the sidereal rotation and shadow play through orbital orbits. In the Higgs field there is the nuclear chain reaction of a big bang and imploding into nothingness, whereby energy is obtained from this nothingness, which disintegrates into matter / antimatter with the quarks excess of matter, which in turn condenses and forms galaxies and stars Burned together to form suns, it explodes in the crooked space that emerges with it, chaotically shaping it into a huge metagalaxy shell. In this way, light and darkness form a polarity in the emergence of energy and matter, which polar matter was only able to release from itself. The light with its trillion degrees of heat was good for the growth of matter and goods of the cosmos, but the same light causes them to burn up and pass away and constitutes irreversible time and impermanence. So the Gnostic conclusion that light is good and darkness bad is not cosmologically correct. Especially on our earth, the good is the right distance to light, to the sun. Without the night or too close to the sun we would burn up. In the play of the stars, life is a question of homeopathically meticulous dosing of energy and matter, in which macromolecular structures became cells that learned to multiply through cell division and took on increasingly complex forms such as animals, including the particularly complex and gruesome animal human. Good or bad is largely a question of the dosage of light and darkness, a question of measure, as Heraclitus rightly said. Without the sun there would be no life, but the pure sun would burn us to ashes.

Perhaps that is why in the Enoch heavenly journeys it is only a chosen few who, after special preparation, are revealed to the mystery of the cosmos and are allowed to see God as eternal light on his throne. 2 Hen 24ff Enoch sits on the throne of God in infinite light and experiences how he created the material from the spiritual and only installed there light and darkness as two poles from above and below. The Higgs field would in fact be a state before the Big Bang, in which no matter existed and which both could, as it were, catalyze to an explosion out of nowhere. Compared to the pottery myths or the flood myth ala Enûma eliš in Gen 1 would this cervanistic, astral-savvy idea of ​​matter formation from a pre-material state really be the more advanced model of a mythical cosmology.

That the sky has more or less steps or rooms is not that nonsensical from an astrophysical point of view. In fact, space is an entity in which macrocosmic structures are reproduced down to the microcosm of the elementary particles according to a similar genetic logic. So you can go from the earth-moon system to the next larger one, in which the earth is only a moon around the sun like Mars and Venus. And this solar system is a fart in a spiral arm of the Milky Way. And this Milky Way is one galaxy among many millions of similar and dissimilar spiral nebulae. And this entire metagalactic system of the spiral nebula-like cosmos formed as a flat saucer is perhaps again just a possible soap bubble in the foam of other world spaces. Our whole world is almost always bigger in a new dimension. And this galactic over-dimensionality is actually not badly hit with the image of one sky above the other and the ever increasing height of the sky above, if one neglects that the earth was thought of as a disk, while it is really a sphere and above and below very much are relative terms. And while today, conversely, we are not allowed to think of space either as a cuboid or as a sphere, it is itself more like the disk that shaped the early image of the earth. So behind all mythical thinking in the sky travel literature there is a moment of truth about the sky: that every system is only a subsystem of an even bigger one and we can hardly see which metasystem is really the largest, highest and last.

Physically, light arises when an electron leaps from another, outer to a narrower, inner orbital in orbit around the atomic nucleus. The electron gives off excess kinetic energy in the form of light, photons. Second possibility: If particles of matter collide with one another, they can release considerably more photon energy, and even burn themselves completely into light. Conversely, light rays that collide can cancel each other out and convert them into particles. Light waves have a constant speed of approx. 300,000 km / sec, while their frequency can change considerably from high-energy high-frequency gamma radiation to low-energy long-wave radio waves. Our eyes only see a minimal section of the electromagnetic radiation spectrum as colored light. White light is a mixture of light of all visible wavelengths. Light rays emitted by a star allow conclusions to be drawn via spectral analysis about the elements that produce this light or that it must penetrate. Through Robert Bunsens In 1850 it became apparent from the spectroscope that stars are hot gas spheres, while planets made of rock only reflect their radiated light on their orbit around such suns.

The electromagnetic radiation spectrum of the cosmos that has been determined so far ranges from long-wave radio rays via infrared to the comparatively minimal optical range and further to ultraviolet, X-rays and extremely short-wave gamma radiation. The higher the oscillation of a wave, the greater the energy. Therefore, gamma rays are the most powerful rays and the longer they radiate, the more energy they give off and their frequency becomes slower until finally after billions of years they have become radio waves. Space telescopes beyond the filtering earth's atmosphere can record this photon radiation. Mainly infrared heat radiation is released in the formation zones of new stars. When two star clusters or galaxies collide or merge, or when distant stars explode, X-rays are produced. If two neuron stars collide and explode, gamma rays can be registered. Since light is a form of energy, it cannot simply disappear, but transforms into another form of energy. The substances that absorb light are picky: While methane, for example, remains cold with green light, it becomes warm with red light. Absorbents of light heat up. The best-known use of this absorption effect are solar collectors of all kinds, which convert their light energy, which oscillates mainly in the visible and ultraviolet range, into heat or electricity.

During the Big Bang there was more energy in radiation form than matter. The more space expands, the more the radiation density is distributed and reduced. Today the energy density from radiation is completely negligible; it is dominated by the photons of the cosmic background radiation and by neutrinos from the early universe. This has not always been the case: while the energy density of dust hardly changes, the photon density decreases and each photon changes its energy (i.e. frequency) through adiabatic expansion. So there was a point in cosmic evolution when dust and radiation had the same energy density. The energy density of radiation dominated even earlier.


Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry (left) and for Organic Chemistry and Electrochemistry (right) in 1913

Albert Einstein (1879-1955; in the picture on the left with Fritz Haber in 1915 at the KWI) in 1914-16 my grandmother Wilhelmine Lütge received his warm morning milk and full board at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical and Electrochemistry in Berlin (today the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Institute) where my grandfather Hermann Lütge (1886-1965) the caretaker's apartment on the same corridor as Einstein and as a master precision mechanic and workshop manager he built technical equipment for research, such as the Haber and Bosch ammonia synthesis setting or X-ray machines. [1] During these two years Einstein developed groundbreaking ideas about the universe, while Haber invented the poison gas war and converted the institute into a poison gas factory. My father was just born when Einstein came to Berlin; So both got their milk from my grandma, but from different sources.

Einstein During his time at the Bern patent office in 1905 he developed his special theory of relativity ("On the electrodynamics of moving bodies"). In 1916 he expanded it in his general theory of relativity [2] and thus provided the theoretical basis for the idea of ​​curved space and time in an expanding universe. The special theory of relativity deals with the constancy of the speed of light without gravitational influences and the dependence of the speed in general on the position of the observer, who is always himself in rapid motion in space. The general theory of relativity deals with space curved by gravity, in which the shortest connection is an elliptical curve and not the abstract line. For a long time this was thought to be spinning, until in 1919 English astronomers working with Eddington took photos during a solar eclipse which showed that rays of light emitted by neighboring stars were deflected when they passed the gravitational field of the sun. With the help of general relativity Einsteins the curvature of space has been brought into connection with the presence and distribution of the masses in space. In the vicinity of massive celestial bodies, space is more curved than at greater distances from such masses. The totality of all masses consequently determines the total curvature of space. Alexander Friedmann was able to show in 1922 that this universe is unstable and is determined by expansion and contraction. The gravitation is so strong that the space is bent back into itself, so that it resembles the surface of a rather flattened, almost saucer-shaped sphere. If you keep moving in a certain direction on the earth's surface, you come back to where you started. Theoretically, space is traversable because it is curved; an infinitely fast arrow shot into space would have to fly back towards earth from the other side.


Today, cosmological data and mathematical calculations from space telescopes such as the NASA satellite "Cosmic Microwave Background Explorer" (Cobe) and the Hubble Space Telescope confirm those of the Russian physicist Andrej Linde described sudden expansion by a previous huge explosion, the big bang. The most important arguments for a big bang theory are provided by the observations of Edwin Hubble, which he summarized in 1929 to the idea of ​​an expanded universe. He observed that almost all galaxies, while maintaining their shape, were moving away from each other at high speed: the further away the galaxies are, the faster they are moving away from us. These observations are determined by the Doppler effect. With a few exceptions (e.g. Andromeda) the spectra of galaxies are redshifted. The universe is still in a steadily increasing explosion 13.7 billion years after the Big Bang, and so space is likely to grow steadily as well.

Telescopes enable a journey into the depths of time. The light spreads at the speed of about 300,000 km / sec; Anyone looking at a shining object 300,000 kilometers away looks back to the past a second ago. If the researchers see 13.7 billion light years, they have an epoch in view in which the universe was just 380,000 years behind. The "Very Large Telescope" in Chile has a concave mirror eight meters in diameter. You could photograph an astronaut on the moon with him. It captures the rays of the first stars by collecting individual photons from a celestial object for some time and evaluating them. They are signals from the epoch when the heavenly bodies were just created. On October 15, on Mount Graham in Arizona, which is sacred for Indians. In 2004 the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) opened against all resistance from Indians and environmentalists under German-Italian-American sovereignty with 2 telescope mirrors 8 m in diameter and 10 times more powerful than the Hubble space telescope. This means that the light from a burning candle can still be detected at a distance of 2.5 million kilometers.

Baryonic matter consists mainly of elementary particles such as neutrons or protons, so-called baryons. The stars, gas clouds and other visible objects discovered so far only make up a third of baryonic matter.Based on model calculations, the remaining two thirds were assumed to be in the space between the galaxies. UV spectra of active nuclei of distant galaxies, recorded by the “Fuse” satellite (Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer), show a characteristic pattern of dark lines, so-called absorption lines. From their distribution and strength one can infer the presence of highly ionized oxygen atoms, which lie between the distant galaxies and the earth as part of a huge gas cloud that envelops our Milky Way and its neighboring galaxies, known as the "local group". Because of its high temperature, this gas radiates at too high energies for it to be detected in the visible wavelength range. Shortly after the Big Bang, the baryons collided with a kind of heat shock that released extremely high amounts of energy. This made this part of matter practically invisible. The mass of this cloud is about a trillion solar masses. It can contain all missing baryons of the local group. It is assumed that baryons are attracted by the gravitational force of dark matter, so that they trace the trace of this matter in space.

Even if only a few light quanta are available as witnesses for the first beginnings of a universal development, the birth moments of the cosmos can nonetheless be heard: through the electromagnetic reverberation of the Big Bang. This background radiation is the cooled remnant of the enormous photon energy that crossed space after the formation of the atomic nuclei. The universe expanded more and more and thereby cooled down. The originally hard high-energy photon radiation became the low-energy long-wave background radiation. In contrast to the background radiation in the microwave range, which arose shortly after the Big Bang, the infrared background radiation comes from the first galaxies in the universe. The galaxies now observed only glow very faintly. The NASA satellite »Cobe« measured the cosmic background radiation for the first time in 1992, whereby an astonishing uniformity of the residual radiation energy emanating from the Big Bang was measured. This background radiation comes from all areas of the universe and thus from the beginnings of our universe. On the other hand, the only tiny irregularity of the background radiation reflects an inhomogeneous distribution of energy even in the primordial cosmos.

The »Boomerang« balloon at a height of 28 kilometers above the Antarctic examined the temperature fluctuations of the background radiation more precisely than »Cobe«. It was possible to measure fluctuations in a narrow range of angles. If fluctuations were to extend over a narrow angular segment, our universe would be a flat shell; if they would occupy a large area our world would be concave or convex. The greatest heat fluctuations occurred within a measurement angle of about one degree. Our universe is therefore a flat disk, similar to how many galaxies themselves consist of disk-shaped spiral nebulae.


NASA presented a youth picture of the universe on Feb. 11, 2003. [3] The satellite MAP (Microwave Anisotropy Probe) observed the cosmic background radiation for 12 months after its start in July 2001, 1.5 million kilometers from the earth, where the gravitational forces of the earth and the sun are just balancing each other out. There the probe searches the whole sky for microwaves, the "echo of the big bang". The light that we perceive as microwave radiation today has been on the move for 13.3 billion years and shows our universe as it was 380,000 years after the Big Bang. The waves have only rushed through space since atoms were able to form here 380,000 years after the Big Bang. No photon radiation was possible before, so there is no possible evidence of light from this early period and the Big Bang itself. The tiny irregularities of the radiation field allow conclusions to be drawn about the geometry of the universe, its matter content and other cosmological parameters. In order to determine these parameters precisely, MAP created a map of the microwave background that covers the entire sky in detail. According to these data, the visible matter of stars and planets makes up just 4% of the total universe, 23% is dark matter and 73% is dark energy, which, after initially relatively slow expansion, has been driving the universe apart ever faster over the last billions of years.

MAP has the age of the universe at exactly 13.7 billion years +/ - 1% determined. The first suns appeared 180 million years after the Big Bang. The afterglow of the Big Bang has cooled from many thousands to 2.73 ° above absolute zero of -273.15 ° Celsius. In the microwave radiation, which is remarkably evenly distributed over the sky, there are fluctuations of a few millionths of a degree, the anisotropies. This "cosmic ripple" shows on the "thermal image" above in the largely gray (= -270.42 ° C) round of an elliptically flattened ball, the young universe, the germ cells of galaxies that still exist today as uneven clusters of white dots. It is the fate of this universe to expand forever and to become thin gas.

The quark model goes back to the American physicist Murray Gell-Mann back (1964). According to the standard atomic model, the fine structure of the atom consists of 12 fermions, which can be divided into 6 quark and 6 lepton flavors. Quarks are the strongly interacting partners of the leptons, which only interact weakly and electromagnetically. Leptons are divided into electron and electron-neutrino; Muon and muon neutrino; Tau and Tau neutrino. A lepton and its neutrino are combined to form a doublet, as are anti-leptons and anti-neutrinos. The quarks are also combined into doublets. Wolfgang Pauli (1900 to 1958) discovered in Zurich after the electron nuclear spins in their gyroscopic movements (1924) the chargeless neutrinos (1930), which he also considered to be massless. [4] Researchers at the Canadian "Sudbury Neutrino Observatory" have now established that the neutral elementary particles have a certain tiny rest mass because they change on the way from the sun to the earth. They are essential components of dark matter that cannot be seen on the telescope.

Bohr's and Sommerfeld's model consists of atoms whose nuclei are made up of protons and neutrons around which electrons revolve. Each proton or neutron consists of three quarks, but their directions are different. In the proton the quarks are up up down, in the neutron up down down. The proton differs from the neutron only in the direction of the middle quark. When quarks and antiquarks couple, mesons are created from the up-down quarks. The pions also consist of quarks-antiquark pairs. Many meson combinations can be put together, which differ from the pion in terms of internal degrees of freedom (spin, parity and isospin).

These matter particles are subject to 4 interactions. Carriers of these interactions are 12 bosons (without gravity), the photon, 3 vector bosons and 8 gluons.

When highly accelerated elementary particles collide in the Geneva CERN facility with the new one Large Hadron Collider (LHC) a new particle was released in lightning, which the British physicist Peter Higgs had predicted in the 1960s. [5] Like all energy particles, the Higgs boson owes its existence to the high-energy Higgs field. Higgs wondered where particles such as electrons or quarks got their mass from. To this end, he postulated the Higgs field. When particles move in this field, they gain mass by coupling an exchange boson to the particle, the Higgs boson. The stronger the coupling, the more mass the particle has.

In addition to the space-related and time-related energy conservation laws, there are laws about gauge symmetries in the interaction of particles, such as electrical charge symmetry, mirror symmetry of parities (P) and time reversibility (T). There is a charge conjugation (C symmetry) between particles and antiparticles. Pauli assumed that there is a CPT symmetry in nature: If you turn all the particles in an experiment into antiparticles, mirror the system and then reverse the sign of the time, the result remains unchanged. The CPT symmetry is closely related to the relativistic invariance in Einstein's equations. It is believed that the CPT invariance cannot be broken, and it is assumed that the total number of leptons and baryons in the cosmos is invariable. So far, no proton decay has been detected in complex experiments deep underground. The lifetime of the proton is more than 1032 Years. If the proton could decay, the quarks would only have a finite lifespan and could transform into leptons. Electroweak unification is based on the concept of describing forces as boson exchange. How do bosons get their mass? The exchange particles (gauge bosons) must be massless. Since the W and Z particles are not massless, a search was made for a symmetry breaking that would help the particles to gain mass. The Higgs field has neither direction nor spin (a scalar field) and differs from all known fields. At low temperatures, the room is not empty, but filled with Higgs particles. The W and Z interact with the Higgs particles and thereby obtain their mass. The interaction changes at high temperatures: the room is no longer filled with Higgs particles. The masses of the W and Z become smaller, and the symmetry with the photon comes out. Apparently all particles like leptons, quarks, electrons, muons with their different masses have different relationships to the Higgs field. In the electroweak theory, the Higgs field leads to symmetry at high temperatures that is lost at low temperatures.

The quantum theorist Alan Guth assumes that this field is the only force occurring in nature that can also act in empty space (vacuum energy). [6] Guth calculated that the force in the Higgs field at the beginning of the universe had a different strength must than today. This is an indication that the development of our cosmos could have taken place in two phases, one before the Big Bang and one after. This is how Guth concludes about the birth of the universe: 1-34 Seconds before the Big Bang, the universe consisted of nothing more than the Higgs field; at that moment it was expanding exponentially in unimaginably small time intervals: "Inflation of the universe". In this phase the universe grew to the 10th1000000increase to its original size, i.e. by 10-28 Centimeters by 10 centimeters, with the expansion taking place at a speed faster than light, otherwise the field would have collapsed. In this Higgs field the energy increased up to a phase transition (energy-matter) in which the trapped energy was released by a big bang, whereby the inflation phase changed into a slowed expansion. The cosmic substance matter arose from the thermal energy. Upon cooling / expansion, the symmetry was broken and the interactions separated. Immense energies must have been released, with the universe expanding exponentially. In the process, an area the size of a proton was inflated in less than a second to a size comparable to the extent of the present-day universe. This inflation model no longer needs an infinitely hot original state, the ignition of which has not yet been explained. The generation of energy in space now also seems to have been clarified: the Higgs field has the power to draw energy from nothing.

10-34 Seconds after the Big Bang, the diameter of the universe was 10-28 Centimeters, expanding in all directions. After the 10th-34first seconds of cosmic history and a temperature of 1032 Degree there was an extremely small excess of matter to antimatter. For every billion particles of matter there was just one more particle than anti-matter. This tiny excess, or asymmetry, between matter and antimatter, in the early stages of our universe, was the basis of our existence. The particles from this surplus of matter are quarks, from which the protons and neutrons will later be composed. Due to the enormous temperature of 1027 The core building blocks (protons and neutrons) of the atoms broke apart again and again. Only after 10-10 Seconds, the 10 billionth of a second, the temperature dropped to 1015 Degrees (one trillion degrees) and stable core building blocks emerged. Three quarks are stored in a proton and three in a neutron. At the same time, other particles were constantly being created and decaying: electrons and positrons, gluons, photons. The 12 elements known to us and their antiparticles evolved.

This also includes neutrinos, extremely light, weakly interacting particles that move at the speed of light. In 2001 researchers found that the 3 types of neutrinos transform into one another (neutrino oscillation). This assumes that the neutrinos have different masses and are thus influenced by gravity. Since they have no electrical charge that affects the nuclear forces, they cannot destroy each other. It is believed that neutrinos are still abundant in our cosmos, especially in the cosmic dark mass.

As the energy field expanded further, the temperature dropped proportionally to the rate of expansion. When the expansion doubled, the temperature fell by half. A second after the Big Bang, the temperature had dropped to around 10 billion degrees. The energy density was no longer sufficient to generate electrons and their antiparticles (positrons) from the photons. Electrons and positrons annihilated, leaving a slight excess of electrons. After a second, all the building blocks (protons, neutrons and electrons) that will later make up the atoms were in the universe. A hundred seconds after the Big Bang, the temperature had already dropped to a billion degrees. Now the first fusion of atomic nuclei occurred. Heavy hydrogen was created from one proton and one neutron. Further cooling resulted in the heavier helium, lithium and beryllium nuclei. The remaining protons decayed into the smallest element, the hydrogen nucleus. This creation of primordial matter results from tiny nuances of wave shifts of electromagnetic energy frequencies from the primordial vibration of the Big Bang.

Continue with History of Matter 2. Formation of the first stars and galaxies

In the N81 nebula, 200,000 light years from the Milky Way in the Small Magellanic Cloud, the Hubble Space Telescope has discovered a cluster of extremely massive young stars that were common in the youth of the universe. They are believed to be the youngest of these massive stars ever discovered in a nearby galaxy. A single one of these stars shines with the strength of 300,000 suns. The stars consist almost entirely of the lightest elements hydrogen and helium. These elements were already formed during the Big Bang, while heavier elements were formed later during supernova explosions. The stars that have now been discovered therefore resemble celestial bodies that populated the universe shortly after the Big Bang. Apparently the massive suns form in groups; 50 of these stars were discovered within an area only ten light years across.

The stages of a star can be reconstructed using the solar system as an example: A cloud of gas and dust shrinks and forms a dense core, surrounded by the solar nebula, a flat disk of the same composition. Due to the increasing mass density, the core of the nebula attracts more and more gas and dust, becomes larger and hotter due to nuclear chain reactions and forms a protosun, while in the disk around it, pieces of matter agglomerate into chunks of ice and rock, as they are in the ring-shaped asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter still exist.These planetesimals collide more and more and combine to form larger and larger objects, the protoplanets, which become more and more spherical the larger their mass becomes. The sun becomes a star. Their radiation drives away the remnants of gas and dust, while the majority of them have already clumped together to form planets that are mainly massive and small rocks near the sun, such as Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars or, at a cooler distance, of gas and ice crystals with thicker ones Hydrogen-helium shell like the gas giants Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, which in turn are orbited by moons. Even further out, where the sun barely warms, gases, ice and dust combined to form objects like Pluto or became comets whose orbit runs perpendicular to the disc shape of the other planets and passes extremely elliptically very close to the sun and then very far back into it the outermost fringes of the solar system floated away.

Paul Dirac developed a theory of negative matter in 1928. [7] This anti-matter has almost everything in common with matter, the mass, the energy, the behavior, the amount of charge, just not the sign of the charge. A piece of anti-matter, which corresponds roughly to an electron, would have a plus elementary charge. Discovered in 1932 Carl Anderson in California at the Mount Wilson observatory in the photography of cosmic rays the first positive electron in the orbital of a negative atom.

Today one is already working with such positrons in particle acceleration. Cosmic radiation consists of particles, such as electrons or protons, that move at almost the speed of light. These include the high-energy photons of gamma radiation. When such a particle hits an earthly particle in the atmosphere, it literally shatters the earthly particle. This turns into a heap of rubble that is still moving at a very high speed. This can result in particle-antiparticle pairs, so a high-energy photon could decay into a positron and an electron. When a positron hits an electron there is a flash of light. This is how antimatter is produced in particle accelerators: electrons or protons are accelerated to almost the speed of light and then they crash onto atomic nuclei, which then decay into negatively charged particles. Billions of positrons are created every day.

The god of Gen 1 creates the world through royal command, lets the Mesopothamian spring flood recede and the Mesopotamian land of Babylon awaken to a blooming flora and fauna, the cycle of which is determined by the stars, sun and moon. He is not the life-giving sun as the ultimate and supreme power over life as it was in Enûma eli, but he uses it as a warming lamp. The potter god of Gen 2 is not even a king, but a craftsman and tinkerer, who only gradually perfected his work and then did not manage it so well that a trouble-free stay in Eden is possible. The sin of man falls back on the bumbling creator, who tries to mend what can still be saved by driving out man. The punch line of the potter's report is the breakdown of creation, which from the beginning is afflicted with original sin and has little chance of perfection and reconciliation in the future. Due to original sin, we are predestined for the previous course of human history as one of class struggles and fratricide. The history of the genre and the history of human knowledge has no tendency for the better, gradual humanization of nature and naturalization of man, but is the fate of a violence that is immensely potentiated by technology.

Under the influence of Babylonian astronomy, the idea of ​​divine space-time arose in Cervanism, which only after a long time transforms a spiritual scene of life into bone-like materiality. In this the battle rages between order and chaos, truth and delusion. Zurvan also becomes the person of mythical dramas, but originally it is simply world time without any before or after and, in the Great Year, becomes the cyclical time of a world history running in almost cosmic dimensions. This feeds the Jewish and Gnostic journeys into heaven, in which God, in contrast to human-shaped angels or bull-winged cherubim and other mythical creatures, encounters light, which is pure energy beyond all formality of biological beings, which nevertheless communicates itself linguistically as logical, intentional being. This energy flows into nothingness and creates the matter on which it has an influence. This understanding of creation of energy radiation is astrophysically highly probable, even if it is stuck in the ancient imagination. In negative theology, the god of the heavenly travelers is described as the unqualified core source of world energy, from whose force field the heavens and later the earth emerged. The personal god-king or god-potter or the slaughtered god-prehistoric man / primal animal is here quasi already demythed to pure power in imageless intentionality. In the heavenly journeys as the prelude to monastic mysticism, God is understood as an energy that has an influence and an outflow on the history of the cosmos and earthly life. At the same time, this earthly life is no longer seen as the center of the cosmos, but as an emanation, a lower level of being in a universe populated by an abundance of forces and particles. Here man no longer sees himself as the crown of creation, but as a participant in the divine energy, to which he strives to correspond. With this assessment of the monk's mysticism, we are almost in the orgone accumulator Wilhelm Reichsee [8] The mystic strives for the negative image of God, for the lack of images of God, for an inner liberation from the desire to want to think the highest and deepest being in images and concepts, which means: to want to think God at all. For the non-thinking of God, the whole effort of the term is called up to all variants of the paradox and the dialectic, the contradiction in the saying itself. As in the Kabbalistic mysticism, the prohibition of images in the OT is taken seriously in a radical way. The energy metaphor God as eternal light is in any case the most advanced level of social accumulated knowledge of the world at that time and in it probably also a little bit of enlightenment compared to the Judeo-Christian image of the royal potter of man as the showpiece of creation. The ethical consequence of the mystical reassessment of man as one of the tiny creatures listening to the divine power has been the humility towards fellow creatures, which we assert today in our demands for peace, justice and the integrity of creation.

7. Light vision and resurrection myth

If one sees the Paul vision before Damascus and the vision of light with audition (doctrinal talk Jesus-Peter) in Ep Pt brings in connection with each other, it emerges that Jesus' vision of light, in which he is not recognizable as a concrete human figure, but merely as transfigured bright light, as shine, rays, was the historically accurate real experience of the sacred. After this vision both times the visionaries are blind for a period of time. So you have lost contact with physical reality and only find it again after hours or days.

Were such visions of light also Iranian, when the fire priests also worshiped light? As in the Stephanus stoning vision Acta 7 is the feeling of the visionaries: Heaven is open, the spiritual world of God has opened up to the viewer. There are hardly any links to the revelation visions of Old Testament prophets. These have the character of a throne room, are very concrete and not cosmological, as a journey through heavenly realms and aions with the gradual baptismal purifications. At Jesus' baptism there is also the voice from heaven and the shine of light.

Whether the light vision originally went hand in hand with a linguistically elaborated audition, and the extent of this speech audition, should be assessed rather cautiously. That it is in Ep Pt comes to an extensive doctrinal discussion between Jesus and the disciples, while the baptism of Jesus contains only a single heavenly sentence, leaves in comparison to the missionary command Mt 28which is very similar to the core of Ep Pt[9], the assumption arises that these visions of light offered the ideal occasion to subsequently edit more and more amounts of text into the original incident. The written editing process of inserting the text is preceded by an oral inserting process: Even in today's court witness report in street fights, what the opponent is said to have mentioned in the way of insults is diligently cheated on, because in the heat of the moment the ability to remember is relatively strongly impaired by the shock effect. The vision is of a different spiritual dynamic than the neutral editing of a text; therefore it is rather unlikely that, if someone were really lecturing in heaven, the Astounded Earthlings would have memorized the exact wording. Not even a collective of witnesses can do this in court. Therefore, one should hardly assume well-formed sentences in the original audition process, but rather fragments of words, individual words or fragments of sentences that are heard from lightning and thunder, as they also occur in people who hear voices under stress, the real basis of which can be any noise from the environment that cannot be identified exactly at the moment.

Denial of reality in shock after the loss of the love object: In this way, many bereaved actually still hear the voices of the deceased until the realization of death gradually prevails over the feeling of the permanent presence of the dead. Grief over the loss, the absence of the beloved likes to tend to mentally maintain his presence in every possible way for as long as possible. The mourning predisposed the disciples especially to vision.

The belief in miracles of late antiquity held almost everything possible that did not agree with ordinary everyday experience. There was practically no doubt that miracles existed at the time; the more disputed question was whose miracles required more admiration.

The telling of fairy tales was an essential cultural asset. The desire to paint, dramatize, decorate events, the rumor's tendency to become more extensive, to keep upgrading, all these impulses have had a good reason in the competition of religious miracle workers to depict the wonders of their own group in colors, with which one could be heard and seen on the mission scene. In decorating, interpretive theological traditions are included in the narrative play, narratives from other stories are incorporated. Finally, the fate of Jesus is interpreted with the songs of God's servants and psalms, but also with Gnostic stories of the redeemer. As soon as the narrative form has reached a certain level of conciseness, it is easy to adapt affine stories from other traditions. The amalgamation with old tradition has an illustrative, pointed function. At the same time, an inflationary tendency in the increase in the grandiosity of the miraculous qualities can hardly be stopped.

Likewise, our personal concept of individuality did not apply at that time, so that John the Baptist could be asked as the risen reincarnation of Elijah. This possibility of new incorporation was Hellenistic thought and provided an essential frame of expectation for assumptions about the resurrection. In addition, the Maccabees' theology of martyrs worked in the same direction: immediately after their departure, the tormented go straight to God in heaven, with which God rehabilitates them in front of the whole world, documents their innocence.

The primary layer of the pneumatic epiphany was probably a thunderstorm-related light vision, a particularly impressively designed lightning bolt, for example, which could have an acoustic affinity with certain, familiar, emotionally highly charged words of the religious desire disposition. Elisha's ascension to heaven is already based on the thunderstorm experience, which was evaluated and interpreted as speaking of God in many other places in the OT. Ascension in a thunderstorm and seeing a figure made of pure light are then immediately identical and it is even conceivable that there were many lightning bolts that evoked many verbal assonances in those gathered for the divine vision.

The entire religious motif material is the frame of language and expectation, in the grid of which the initially rather nameless of the ecstatic experiences is entered. This inscription into tradition takes place in all time dimensions: Before the vision, tradition created certain vision-structuring anticipations through its educational function, and specifically predisposed the visionary. During the vision, it is precisely this grid of language that acts as a supplier of the forms of perception, the selection of the entire perception of the meaningful elements of the initially unfiltered stimulus reception. In this way, religious traditions filter out certain sensory stimuli, such as moisture in the body orifices during vision, flatulence, and the urge to urinate. After the vision, the visionary finally recapitulates the extraordinary of his perception by making it communicable in the medium of language and reducing it to what can be said at all. The interpretation places the possibly unspeakable conciseness of the vision into the intersubjectively communicable religious context. It turns vital experience into theology.

The entire charismatic doctrine of 1 Cor 12 is also a question of attribution, the social evaluation of certain modes of experience and behavior. Visions, like speaking in tongues, were regarded as a sign of a special gift of grace through the Spirit of God, yes, as participation in the power of God. That these visions were no coincidence, the famous incident of the shadow boxers of dialectical theology, but that there were meetings especially for the purpose of these visions, is clear from the calling of the meeting by Peter. In view of these expectations, the search for pneumatic fulfillment, which, directly attributed to being chosen by God, had to take on a downright self-esteem-increasing evocation character, it was hardly surprising when 500 brothers suddenly had such phenomena. What if three of these 500 brothers had said after the pneumatic orgy: Nope, I haven't seen! They would have been accused of standing outside the community, of being mistaken, of not being inspired by the Spirit of God. It would have been a condemnation of their own clergy, but by no means the denial of the permanent presence of the ever and then appearing Christ before those who call on his name on their knees (Phil 2,5ff) until something stirs in the sensory apparatus. In a certain way they were all free riders of the first visionaries with their light effects, they all wanted to see Jesus one day.

Just as the vocation vision of the prophet created special social recognition and a unique legitimation for missionary activity, so it increases the status within the religious group to suffer visions or other pneumatic effects; it is also an expression of being chosen, of a special closeness to God and of unifying Share in divine power. All of these attributes fuel the narcissistic desire for power, honor, fame and love, which the vision ultimately helps to fulfill. One could say a little exaggerated: the doctrine of charisma is the bribe for the soul to strive for visions with special attention or to emulate other pre-visionaries in them.

A certain ecstasy technique is also used: You pray on your knees, mumbling and screaming, until the minds are so excited that the wish to be prayed in the same place as in Jesus' lifetime turns into a hallucination, an inner perception that In contrast to the schizophrenic and the loneliness of the prophets of Jeremiah, the reciprocity of the psychic stimuli and the identity of the localities can make themselves intersubjectively communicable, as Baptist church services, African rain dances, the collective visions of the Yaqui Indians at Easter show in a different way: there will additional chemical stimuli thrown in by the peyote cactus. [10] So we are distantly dealing with ecstasy techniques that have revealed certain moments of the shamanic tradition: gathering in holy places, prayers in special positions. Also Mt 28:16 the disciples go to a holy mountain in Galilee to meet Jesus, so that here too a deliberately induced vision must be assumed that does not have the character of a purely accidental occurrence. With 28,17: “And when they saw him, they fell down before him; but some doubted. ”If one believes this version, first the vision followed, then the prosksynesis. At the same time, however, the following sentence: "Some doubted" precisely records the psychodynamics of the collective vision. Obviously the initiators of the mass vision informed the others that they were seeing Jesus. They now had the choice to inquire about the corresponding vision-flanking stimuli of external nature from those in the vision and also to bring about the hallucinatory-visionary connection of physical stimulus and projective enrichment in accordance with the anticipated »encounter with Jesus«. In Lk 24,32, for example, the strange rabbi is identified with Jesus in the breaking of bread; here, too, the Jesus vision has a trace of physical reality in which a not inconsiderable amount of projective psychogenic perception, shaped by the religious tradition of messianic expectation, with hallucinatory perception Character has signed up. Obviously the hallucination from the physical world picks up certain traces of perception, which it then grandiose modified, distorted, reinterpreted and misunderstood. In a certain sense, such physical real stimuli form the external triggering moments of the vision.

The doubts of the not yet visioned disciples in Mt 28.17 show that even then it was not for everyone to have a vision. The readiness for such transfiguration experiences was scattered differently. One can assume that Peter played a pioneering role in this. We know from shamans that they can put those present under a hypnotic spell during the ritual that they mistake sheep droppings for raisins and consume them with great pleasure. [11] So for the collective vision one can definitely reckon with an active agogic function of Peter like her Ep Pt is described in the form of prayers. If some doubt that the record-breaking more than 500 brothers are named in 1 Cor. 15, then it can be assumed that the meaning and aim of early Christian worship was the repetition of such christophania for a long time, so that the more than 500 brothers are only a hint on a particularly successful and ecstatic service. The doubters are, so to speak, precautionary: They want to see Jesus too, otherwise they would not have come with us to the holy mountain. But their reality control does not allow them the psychogenic, creative distortion of perception that is the essence of vision. They are, so to speak, bad daydreamers, have forgotten the child's ability to experience the world as animated and animated even where everyday consciousness is based on dead objects. All that remains for them is to practice the art of transfiguration, of vision, or to think that their visionary brothers are crazy. Obviously, the broader tradition of Christian texts assumed that visions and other spiritual experiences such as ascents to heaven were not sick / crazy, but opened up a maximum of knowledge.

If the Pentecostal Church is considered by critics to be full of sweet wine (Act 2.13), the Lord's Supper tradition expressly prescribed wine, Jesus was considered a drunkard and eater, the disciples perhaps also took this over from him depending on the resource situation, so the critics and scoffers may not have been entirely wrong, especially since the affability and talkativeness in an alcoholic state and the ability grows to compensate for the shortcomings of the vocabulary gaps through analog communication with the whole body. If this has also happened on the Mount of Olives, there might also be drug consumption, the effect of which can be increased significantly by fasting. Perhaps proskynetic prayer leads to a lack of oxygen in the brain in the long run and thus promotes a hallucinatory experience per se.

Was the thunderstorm a coincidence, a subsequent incorporation of Elisa tradition, or was the meeting specially called at a thunderstorm-prone time because it had an aura of special closeness to God? All these elements are massive, psychologically highly efficient techniques for promoting visionary and other experiences beyond the objectivity of a police report.

Another factor is fear and stress as triggers for psychotic decompensations. In view of the deadly threat, torture, Roman courts and prisons, in the face of the cross and the stoning of Stephen, this fear is very realistic. This makes the desire to escape from this threat from the powers that be, very great. The possibility of shifting the boundaries of the ego from the body to the purely spiritual being, as we know it from schizophrenics, who can increase this world diastasis to the point of insensitivity to pain [12], creates a certain freedom for the ego vis-à-vis the powers that torture, torment and crucify. One becomes unreachable if one fades out the entire material area of ​​one's own being, feelings, somatic reactions and needs, with mystatogical techniques from consciousness and perception. In this way, the shaman has learned to leave his body for a while by gaining more and more freedom from its impulses of pain, hunger and pleasure through asceticism or painful initiations. Stephen slipped so deep into this inner world, perceived as heavenly, that the stones can no longer harm him: they hit and kill his body, but his soul sees the open heaven, the way out, freedom. This motif of liberation from somatic entanglements can still be heard in Luther's de libertate christiana. As long as the bodies are being tortured, people of all religions like to flee into the spirit. We can clinically refer to this perfectly understandable and legitimate reaction as schizoid to schizophrenic reaction formation. Just as Klapsen-Heinrich's private schizophrenia, contrary to Kraepelin-Bleuler's style of psychiatric custody and its resulting misunderstandings of pathophomenology, can be communicated, the antipsychiatrists Cooper and Laing have proven that, mystical disembodiment can also be communicated, trained, and forced. The Soviet literature on shamanism has repeatedly raised the question of psychiatric conspicuousness of the shamans, whereby the reports of insensitivity to pain, even invulnerability by knives and daggers during ecstasy, had to state the obviously extraordinary abilities of these soul seekers. [13]

Politically, visions of the resurrected provide the strength to revolt against the archons of Rome, the whore of Babylon: This movement cannot be crushed. The resurrection was the epitome of victory over death, transience and the oppressors of the world who intimidate people in fear and terror. As long as death was a threat, the Christians were manageable and fled Jerusalem quickly after the stoning of Stephen. When the resurrection hope robbed death of this power of the most horrific threat, the Christians as a movement had become virtually invincible. The resurrection hope became the leitmotif of a spreading emancipation from the fear of political violence by practicing an immaterial world of the spirit and anchoring it intersubjectively as a counter-world that was established instead of politics and from which martyrs were drawn for political protest.

It is precisely this hope of the martyrs for a place of honor in heaven after death that makes the Islamic fundamentalists with their warriors of God so strong. Because they no longer fear death as the penultimate, they celebrate it as the highest level in the suicide attack with an increasingly sophisticated artistry and aesthetic composition, the growing symbolic content of which brings the massacre close to the total work of art. In it they developed partisan combat with the help of the intelligence training previously enjoyed by the CIA to a new level of expertise. Without a deep belief in the resurrection, this self-sacrifice according to a masterful general staff plan would not be possible. The gunman's decompensation from pent-up anger over injustice suffered bears psychotic traits, while the suicide in the style of the kamikaze aviator demands the highest presence of mind. Just as we don't approve of this form of terrorism, which has grown out of political oppression into poverty and misery, just as little, conversely, can we approve of the underlying economic structures that have led to the gap between rich industrialized nations and impoverished countries. So little can we continue to approve of the dictatorships that provide guarantees for the exploitation and disenfranchisement of the poorest to the superpowers and their business enterprises. So little can we finally approve of the dictatorship of the superpowers over the poor countries, which afflict all countries that are not compliant with a terror of war against which the afflictions of Yahweh in the OT appear downright mild. The US war of aggression against Iraq with God's help shows how important religion is today for the blessing of arms and for the legitimation of the struggle for oil resources. The holier the sky, the more cruel the body is tortured. The holiness of the righteous cause permits the most unholy desecration of one's own body and soul and that of others. Torture becomes a liturgy, mass extermination becomes a grandiose proclamation: the military celebrate certain advantages of new weapon systems, the partisans the powerlessness of these weapons against their unpredictability and self-sacrifice.

8. Resurrection theses

1. Jesus was not resurrected in the body, but rather rotten in the grave.

2. The bodily resurrection of human beings would lead to an overpopulation crisis of the earth that would fade all previous famine disasters and that would not be economically manageable in any imaginable form. For the survival of the resurrected, it is better that they were not resurrected had they been resurrected.

3. The hope of immortal life is naive, because transience and historicity guarantee the uniqueness and peculiarity of the arc of life and thus also the auratic dignity of human life. Not being able to die is a condemnation to life, as it is now reconsidered in the ethics of apparatus medicine in favor of the right to one's own death.

4. The limitation of life forces those who only live once to make something of a lasting value out of this life, which at the same time exceeds this limitation. In doing so, they grow beyond themselves and the set framework of their lives. The later-born draw on this in their enculturation. If we were to have an infinite treasure trove of life, every single life would be unimportant, because the dead person only makes a short excursion to heaven in order to immediately incarnate in another life. The hope for the continuation of life by other means than the earthly here and now makes one negligent towards the inviolable dignity of the human being.

5. It remains to be hoped that one day these dubious erratic fixations on supernatural processes can be dispensed with in the religions in favor of a deep mutual understanding which does not assert or deny resurrection etc. as facts, but the depth of the desire for justice and solidarity who understands the lover, who has evoked and still carries these images and who is love itself, a love that the Bible calls God. One can only believe in the victory of this love over the prevailing real injustice, it is not fixed and guaranteed and this struggle is lengthy and difficult. The Iranian-biblical vision of a future peaceful and just world after long struggles has given mankind the foresight and hope to accept current disadvantages for the good future of children and grandchildren and to develop lasting staying power that is not in the face of the many already gives up small and large failures of the growing kingdom of God. This perspective of hope in a world in the process of gradual reconciliation leads love to a constant rising for the disenfranchised. The fighting spirit of Jesus lives on in this and that is exactly how Jesus' resurrection is a tangible reality: as hope that is still raised at the grave.

1 1913 - 1933 20 years operations manager for the mechanical workshops, the locksmith's shop and the machine shops at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical and Electrochemistry (Prof. Haber) Berlin Dahlem. Partial constructions for the plants for ammonia synthesis according to the Haber-Bosch process. Independent construction and production of firedamp pipes, viscometers and high vacuum devices, metal X-ray tubes and X-ray cameras. Development and production of special devices for X-ray structure recordings, such as spectrographs, goniometers and vacuum cameras. Construction and development work on systems for the liquefaction of air, hydrogen and helium.

2 Albert Einstein, On the special and general theory of relativity, Braunschweig (Vieweg) 1972; Einstein, Fundamentals of the Theory of Relativity, Braunschweig5 (Vieweg) 1973; Wolfgang Pauli, Theory of Relativity, Leipzig (Teubner) 1921 Reprint Berlin [and others] (Springer) 2000

3 N.N., the satellite MAP confirms a new view of the world. Exact determination of cosmological parameters, in: Neue Züricher Zeitung of February 13, 2003; Christofer Schrader, New data prove: The universe is 13.7 billion years old, in: Süddeutsche Zeitung 13.2.2003; Martin Pätsch, record sharpness. Nasa presents youth image of the universe, in: Spiegel-Online 12.2.2003

4 Wolfgang Pauli, Five Works on the Exclusion Principle and the Neutrino, Texts for Research 27, Darmstadt (Wiss. Buchges.) 1977. C. G. Jung was able to win Pauli as a founding member of the Zurich Jung Institute and wanted to use him for a physical underpinning of depth psychology. Pauli writes an essay on background physics, in which he demonstrates the power of the collective unconscious in the case of a water vase at the founding festival: here the vase synchronistically expressed where the research trip should go. Pauli pondered the interweaving of psyche and cosmos with Jung, but increasingly rejected his mystical theories.

5 Leon M. Lederman, David N. Schramm, Vom Quark zum Kosmos. Particle physics as a key to the universe, Heidelberg (spectrum of science) 1990

6 Alan H. Guth, The Birth of the Cosmos from Nowhere. The theory of the inflationary universe, Munich (Droemer) 1999

7 R. Corby Hovis / Helga Kragh, Paul Dirac and the beautiful in physics, in: Spectrum of Science (Heidelberg, Akademie Verlag) 7/1993, 84-90; Steven Chu, inclusion of neutral particles with laser beams, in: Spektrum der Wissenschaft (Heidelberg, Akademie Verlag) 4/1992, 68-75; Gerald Gabrielse, cooling and storage of antiprotons, in: Spectrum of Science (Heidelberg, Akademie Verlag) 2 / 1993,44-51; Anthony J. G. Hey, The Quantum Universe. The world of waves and particles, Heidelberg (Spectrum of Science / Academic Publishing House) 1998

8 Reich, The discovery of orgone II. Der Krebs (1948), Frankfurt 1985 sees the biochemically generated electrical voltage, which is not only neuromuscular but also around 1 volt in all body tissue, as a partial aspect of orgone energy, which is more than just physical, namely biological. "Between the electrical stimulus and the muscle action, there is an unknown 'something' ... The electrical energy does not have a biologically charging effect." (31) Orgone is neither Bergson's selan vital, nor Hans Driesch's "entelechy" of matter in the history of healing, nor mechanical energy, but the material “ability to do work”. (34) The inorganically and organically “everywhere present” (113), nourishing orgone energy innervating the organism into a cyclopulsatory metabolism of breathing, eating and making love (36ff), is ultimately called "God touching", "endless ocean" (Ollendorff-Reich 1975, 108) the cosmic energy principle and motor of all living things. (114) As a shimmering sky radiation, orgone can be observed with an orgonoscope and measured with a Geiger counter. (115-66) "Every perception is based on the coherence of a function within the organism with a function in the outside world, thus on orgonotic consonance. ”(117) Thus, libido, as internal orgone energy, is only the microcosmic part of the atmospheric orgone energy surrounding the organism. The orgone accumulation, created in 1940 from steel, outside from wood and cotton wool, in which a cancer patient can sit, is supposed to attract and concentrate the cosmic radiation in the box (loc. Cit. 128ff) in order to reduce the "biopathic shrinkage", the carcinogenesis prevent: vivification. (op. cit. 169ff, 255ff, 297-346)

9 NHC VIII, 2 p.133.12 - 134.9 Peter calls the apostles together on the Mount of Olives, where they had previously gathered with the blessed Christ when he was still in the body (cf Mk 11: 1 par; Lk 21:37; Acta 1:12; Mt 28:20) They pray proskynetically to the Father of Light and to the Son of Light, Christ of Immortality, their Redeemer: They need strength because they are persecuted. 134.9-18 describes the light vision / audition: »A great light appeared, so that the mountain shone through the appearance of the one who revealed himself. And a voice called out to them and said: "Listen to my words so that I may send you! What do you ask for me? I am Jesus Christ, who is with you at all times." 138.3 a doctrinal conversation with Jesus, which is affine to the Johannes apocryphon NHC II, 1 (= III, 1 and IV, 1), shaped by the Sophia myth and Sethian elements, who is then raptured into heaven in thunder and lightning. (NHC VI, 2 p.13.1: BRONTH = noàj tšleioj, who identifies herself as a playmate 16.3 after many paradoxical identities with sof ... a: also here the thunder speaks!) The thunderstorm ascension may have been the real acoustic process of the audition, There is something hissing about lightning, like language. With a little imagination you can listen to a text, just like the interpreter of the Glossolallen listens to whose seemingly senseless stammering to meaningful text: ¢ nagignîskein is reading as rediscovering what is known. As is well known, one always hears exactly what one wants to hear, also the interrogation is like the promise and prescription with Freud GW IV a wish fulfillment. This is followed by a second insertion in 139.9 - 140.1, presumably from an apocryphal book of Acts by Peter, which lets Peter teach docetically about Christ's suffering, while the apostles cannot simply put up with the pain and shame. (Cf Karl-Wolfgang Tröger, Docetic Christology, in: Kairos 19 / 1977,45-52) Finally in 140.1-15 there follows a Pentecost sequence, which could very well be an early short version of the same Mount of Olives scene: Peter gathers the other apostles, together they ask Christ for the spirit of understanding so that they can can do miracles as beautifully as he does. There they see and are filled with the Holy Spirit, work miracles of healing and after a final meeting they separate to preach the Lord Jesus. This being able to see, coupled with possession of the spirit and miraculous charisma, in turn points to something visionary. This formulation is possibly one of the most original expressions for the experience, which later meant seeing the risen One, enriched more and more with local color and other narratives. Cf Bethge