When is the new year
New Year - a good start
New Year - in Germany the first public holiday in the beginning of the year and, depending on the type and scope of the previous New Year's Eve celebration, most certainly welcomed as a day of relaxation. It is therefore primarily used for sleeping in, resting and maybe for a walk. It also offers the opportunity to dispose of the Christmas tree from the living room after a hangover breakfast and to eat the leftovers from the previous day in the evening.
Our western culture generally connects this day with the first of January - but that was not always the case. In the Roman Empire, January first was only valid from the beginning of 153 BC. As the beginning of the year and in large parts of our continent, the year began for a long time on January 6th. Pope Innocent XII it was who in 1691 set New Year's Day to our now common date.
Even today the peoples of the world celebrate the beginning of the new year on very different dates and it is by no means stipulated that the events only last for one day - on the contrary, celebrations with an extension of up to 13 days are known!
In Asia, for example, Buddhists celebrate the "Chinese New Year", the Chinese New Year celebrations, between January 21 and February 21. The Hindus celebrate "Bikarami Samvat" this year on March 30th and in Islam the New Year's date shifts backwards by 10-12 days every year.
In the Jewish calendar, the "Rosh Hashanah" (head of the year) appears either in September or in the first half of October. April in rampant water battles. And in Russia, on the other hand, New Year takes place on January 1st, as in our country, but due to the Julian calendar it is before Christmas.
All these different dates have their origin in the fact that different calendars and thus also varying lengths of year are used in different cultures, such as the lunisolar calendar (lunar calendar) in parts of Asia and Arabia. In principle, however, the same thing is celebrated everywhere: A - hopefully - good new phase in life is welcomed and time is spent with family and friends.
And as different as the people are, as different are the traditions. They range from the seven lucky charms of the Shinto in Japan to coins baked in basil bread for the Greeks to England, where small, triangular tarts are baked, filled with minced meat and given away.
By the way: While winter weather usually prevails here on New Years, the inhabitants of the southern hemisphere usually celebrate in warm temperatures under the open sky.
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