Why is security important in our society
Live safe and free
“I want a life without fear. Without fear of violence in public. "from the Citizens' Dialogue of the Lesbian and Gay Association Germany in Berlin on May 5, 2015
Positive feeling of security, specific fears
Many people feel insecure. You are afraid of becoming a victim of a crime. This perceived security plays a big role for people.
That is measured subjective feeling of security about the so-called affective fear of crime. It describes the citizens' fear of becoming the victim of a crime themselves. This fear is determined with the victimization survey, which was reissued in 2017. One of the questions asked was how safe people feel at night in their living environment
In Germany, the vast majority of citizens live relatively fear-free. Almost 8 out of 10 people reported staying in their living area at night feel more secure or very secure. The same applies to the fear of specific criminal offenses such as robbery, burglary, bodily harm, sexual harassment or a terrorist attack. Here, too, the overwhelming majority say not at all or just something to be troubled. The fear of burglary is highest compared to the other types of crime. Around a quarter of those surveyed said quite or very strong to be troubled.
The fear of falling victim to a criminal act varies relatively strongly between different groups of people: Especially Women fear crime more often than men and older people more often than younger people.
This The subjective feeling of security of women contrasts with the objective (statistical) riskTo become a victim of a crime. In 2018, for example, around 611,000 men were recorded as victims of crime in the police crime statistics, and 414,000 among women.
Fear of crime differs according to age group: Fear of crime is generally more pronounced among older people. Overall, the general fear of crime is relatively constant over the advancing age and increases again in the retirement age. In the case of specific criminal offenses such as assault, robbery, sexual harassment or a terrorist attack, however, fear is more widespread among young people
The general fear of crime is very different from region to region and has tended to increase in all federal states compared to the 2012 victimization survey. The residents in Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse as well as Schleswig-Holstein and Bavaria to have less fear of criminal assault than the people in the rest of Germany. The largest proportion of fearful people live in Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Berlin.
However, the respondents were unable to substantiate their subjective perception in concrete terms. It is therefore usually a latent fear of crime with unspecific feelings of fear that do not coincide with the objective threat of crime in the regions.
What is the federal government doing?
People's subjective feeling of security can only be influenced indirectly by political measures. The pact for the rule of law concluded by the federal and state governments strengthens the security authorities and the judiciary nationwide with 15,000 new jobs. In addition, the legal process will be simplified and accelerated.
First increase in violent crime since 2007
“Safety in everyday life is important to me. I want to travel on public transport without fear and feel safe in parks and back streets. The presence of the police would have to be significantly increased for this. "from an online answer dated August 25, 2015
The citizen's quote reveals a well-known dilemma: people's sense of security is an essential aspect of quality of life. However, it does not always coincide with the crime situation.
As a neutral yardstick, the police crime statistics (PKS) show the type of criminal offenses and their frequency every year. From the abundance of statistical data available, the Number of violent crimes and property crimes selected as an indicator.
The PKS manages all of them Criminal offenses on, reported to the police and publishes the corresponding Awareness rates. It thus forms the so-called Brightfield the federal German crime. The PKS does not provide any information about this Dark field, i.e. crimes not known to the police.
The positive is: Violent crimessuch as robbery and assault declined across Germany between 2007 and 2015. In 2016, however, there was an increase in violent crimes and a further decrease in the two following years. In 2018, around 185,400 cases of violent crime were counted. A decrease of almost 2 percent compared to the previous year. More than 77 percent of all violent crimes have been solved.
Less theft crime: After the increase in theft crime in 2015, theft crime has been falling since then. In 2018, 1,936,000 cases were counted. Theft crime was the first time under the mark of 2 million cases. Theft crime has fallen by 22 percent in three years.
This also applies to burglaries. In 2015, the number of attempted and completed burglaries had peaked at 167,000 cases. In 2018 that number was around 97,000. That is a decrease of more than 41 percent within three years.
The Awareness rates for theft offenses remain with almost 30 percent compared to the investigation of violent crimes unsatisfactory However, there has been a slight upward trend over the past three years.
Regional differences are obvious: That's how they are City-states clearly in an overall comparison more affected by crime. The area states have a North-South divide to recognize. In Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria became clear in 2018 fewer cases of violent crimes and theft offenses than in the rest of Germany.
Given the high number of break-ins, the Protection against house and apartment break-ins a security policy focus. All levels of government are called upon to take action and take action.
What is the federal government doing?
The nationwide publicity campaign K-EINBRUCH has been running since 2012. On this website, citizens can find out more about how to protect their property more effectively. With funding programs from KfW, measures to protect against burglary are promoted with a grant of up to 1,600 euros.
More respect and tolerance
Tolerance and considerate interaction with one another - these were important aspects in the public dialogue. Social diversity in opinions, life models, religions and worldviews was of great value to the citizens. They agreed: Discrimination based on skin color, gender, sexual orientation, belief or origin should have no place in society.
"Mutual respect is important to me, no matter who I am, where I come from, good togetherness"from the citizens' dialogue of the German Trade Union Confederation in Berlin on June 30, 2015
The citizens spoke differently about dealing with migrants and refugees: from hospitality and the desire for integration to skepticism about how well integration processes can be influenced, to concerns about the absorption capacity of society. In this context, the citizens also emphasized their concern about the increase in right-wing extremist violence through to right-wing extremist terror. They saw this development as a great danger to the rule of law, which they urgently need to avert.
As an indicator of Intolerance towards certain social groups the case numbers for Hate crime from the statistics on politically motivated crime (PMK). Hate crime is crime that is motivated by group-related prejudice.
2016 reached the Hate crime the Maximum value since the introduction of statistics in 2001. After a significant increase of 77 percent between 2014 and 2015, hate crime increased by almost four percent between 2015 and 2016. Since then, the numbers of hate crimes have been falling. Two years later, the numbers for hate crime have dropped by a quarter. For the high case numbers in the area of hate crime are primarily xenophobic crimes responsible. These make up almost 95 percent. They have increased by almost 20 percent compared to the previous year. Also anti-Semitic crimes are more common in 2018 than in the previous year. The increase was also 20 percent.
With a large part of the criminal offenses "Hate postings"2 on the Internet is about sedition. After the sharp rise in 176 percent Between 2014 and 2015, the number of hate postings fell by more than a third in 2018 compared to the previous year.
What is the federal government doing?
With the “package of measures to combat right-wing extremism and hate crime”, the Federal Government is defending free democracy with the means of the defensive constitutional state. The prevention work is being expanded with the federal programs "Living Democracy!" And "Cohesion through Participation" as well as political education measures. Associations, projects and initiatives dedicated to promoting democracy and diversity are financially supported.
Trust in the police and the state
"We not only need rules and laws, but these rules and laws must also be complied with." With this, a participant in the Citizens' Dialogue at the Berlin Charité on May 31, 2015 accurately describes the essential core task of the state.
Rules that are followed in everyday life. Laws that are consistently implemented. A well-equipped and present police force. Courts that deliver judgments quickly. That is important to the citizens. In Germany, the police and judiciary at the federal and state level ensure order, security and justice. People's trust in state organs is crucial for a constitutional state.
That is measured Trust in the police in the German Victimization Survey 2017. It forms the subjective effectiveness of police work from.
Overall, the falls Evaluation of policing by the citizens pleasantly good out. More than eight out of ten respondents rate the work of the local police as very good or rather good.
The Confidence sinks for citizens who have already Victim of a crime became. Same goes for people who last negative experiences with the police had.
That too neighborly environment affects confidence in police work. Citizens with strong neighborly ties trust police work more. Low ties to the neighborhood go hand in hand with less trust in the police.
State institutions are a confidence-building factor for citizens. The public Acceptance and presence of the local police is an essential building block for more quality of life in Germany. The aim is to further improve the quality of police work in Germany.
What is the federal government doing?
The police crime prevention of the federal states and the federal government supports the local police in their work for safe communities.
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